What’s more, studies show that CBD poses risks for everyone, like liver damage and extreme sleepiness. It could also hurt your health by affecting medications you take.
FDA: “What You Should Know About Using Cannabis, Including CBD, When Pregnant or Breastfeeding,” “FDA Approves First Drug Comprised of an Active Ingredient Derived from Marijuana to Treat Rare, Severe Forms of Epilepsy.”
The FDA has gotten reports of CBD products possibly being contaminated with other things, like:
Approved Uses for CBD
Some pregnant women consider using CBD for symptoms like:
It’s also possible for CBD products to be contaminated with things that could be dangerous for a developing or nursing baby, like THC. That’s the chemical in cannabis that gets you high. Experts advise all women to avoid THC while pregnant and breastfeeding. It may affect a baby’s brain development in the womb. It can also raise the chances of stillbirth or premature birth. THC can pass to an infant through breast milk, and experts think this can happen with CBD as well.
Why It’s Risky
It has one approved medical use: a prescription drug that treats certain rare, severe types of seizure disorders in kids.
UCLA: “Looking for relief, pregnant women turn to marijuana despite medical advice.”
“It is concerning how little we know about the use of marijuana, its cannabinoids and products like CBD oil during pregnancy,” Dr. Parnell says. “We know that there is no safe period to drink alcohol during a pregnancy, and I think this research shows the same is likely true of marijuana use.”
They’ve learned that cannabinoids (the active ingredients in cannabis, including CBD and THC) can cause brain and facial birth defects if used during the first trimester of pregnancy. Scott Parnell, PhD, assistant professor of cell biology and physiology, along with his research lab in the UNC Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies, has shown this in mice, which are very accurate models of early human pregnancy.
What the Research Shows About Marijuana Use During Pregnancy
Though not everyone talks about it openly, marijuana and related products like CBD (cannabidiol, one of the active ingredients in marijuana) are a big topic in the world of motherhood. While there is limited research available on what effect marijuana has on a baby in utero, researchers and physicians warn against its use by moms-to-be. Here are some reasons why, and some tips to help you navigate this topic.
While physicians rely on these recommendations and cite research when offering their advice to new mothers, they also use the wisdom they’ve gained from years of experience.
A Pediatrician’s Point of View
Dr. Parnell and fellow researchers found these defects happened after a one-time exposure of cannabinoids. They also discovered that because of the way cannabinoids interact with our bodies on a basic cellular level, when combined with alcohol, a CBD or THC exposure more than doubled the likelihood of these developmental changes.