Is CBD Oil legal in Iowa? We cover the legality of CBD in the state and laws that you need to be aware of before you buy. Looking for CBD oil in Iowa? Iowa has some of the country’s most strict laws regarding CBD. Learn how to buy CBD in Iowa. You can find CBD at nearly any market in the Hawkeye State, but is CBD legal in Iowa? Although CBD is increasingly popular for managing conditions like stress and poor sleep, fewer people are certain about CBD’s legal status. Since CBD laws vary from state to state, it can get pretty confusing. Fortunately, Iowa update
Is CBD oil legal in Iowa?
No, cannabidiol (CBD) oil is not legal for purchase or possession except for patients who qualify for Iowa’s medical marijuana program. CBD products are available in five state-licensed dispensaries.
In late 2018, U.S. Congress passed the Farm Bill, an act which redefined hemp as an agricultural commodity and removed CBD and hemp products from the controlled substances list. This law is a promising step towards federal legalization, but left many confused about CBD’s legality at the state level.
Consumers are confronted with a legal limbo where CBD is federally legal, but outlawed in Iowa until the state’s hemp plan is approved by the federal government. Iowa regulators passed SF 599, the Iowa Hemp Act, which was signed by Republican Gov. Kim Reynolds in May 2019. Yet state law still classifies CBD as a controlled substance. Further, the existence of Iowa’s medical cannabis program complicates many Iowans’ understanding of what is or isn’t allowed.
What is CBD?
CBD, short for cannabidiol, is the second-most-abundant molecule in cannabis after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). A non-intoxicating compound, CBD shows evidence of therapeutic potential in fighting inflammation, reducing anxiety, suppressing seizures and relieving pain. CBD can be derived from either hemp or marijuana plants.
To meet federal legal criteria, CBD oil must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
In 1970, the Federal Controlled Substances Act categorizes all cannabis, including industrial hemp, as a Schedule 1 narcotic, which deemed cannabis as a substance with no accepted medical use and a high potential for addiction and abuse.
Decades later, Congress passed the 2018 Farm Bill, legalizing hemp cultivation and hemp-derived CBD products. The Farm Bill defined hemp and marijuana using a THC content threshold: hemp contains 0.3% THC by weight; marijuana has more than 0.3% THC. This distinction removed hemp-derived CBD from its Schedule 1 classification, though CBD extracted from marijuana is still federally illegal. The Farm Bill also classified hemp as an agricultural commodity and instructed the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to draft regulations and oversee hemp’s production and sale.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was also tasked with regulating the labeling of CBD products, therapeutic claims, and whether CBD is permitted in any food or beverage product. In early 2019, the FDA stated that no food or beverage products or products marketed as a dietary supplement could contain CBD. While the FDA has begun re-evaluating this stance, it hasn’t issued official rules.
The FDA hasn’t moved swiftly to draft national regulations. Meanwhile, individual states are interpreting the Farm Bill. The FDA has upheld strict standards when product labels make medical claims.
The Farm Bill empowers individual states to issue their own regulations alongside national law, up to and including CBD’s total prohibition. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The Farm Bill also empowers individual states to issue their own regulations alongside national law, up to and including CBD’s total prohibition. Iowa, in particular, has stated that it will wait for U.S. approval of any state-drafted hemp rules before it adopts the new legal definition of CBD.
Iowa CBD laws
In 2014, the Iowa legislature passed SF 2360, known as the Iowa Medical Cannabidiol Act, to allow individuals diagnosed with intractable epilepsy to use CBD products with 3% or less THC by weight. However, Iowa patients had no means of purchasing their medicine within the state.
In 2017, Republican Gov. Terry Branstad signed into law a newer version of the Iowa Medical Cannabidiol Act. HF 524 expanded qualifying conditions for patients and tasked the Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) with creating a regulatory framework for CBD manufacturing and sales. As of December 2018, patients with a medical cannabidiol registration card could legally purchase CBD products at one of five licensed dispensaries in Iowa.
Iowa has yet to redefine CBD to meet the federal definition put forth by the 2018 Farm Bill. By signing the 2019 Iowa Hemp Act, Reynolds tasked the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS) with drafting an industrial hemp program to be approved by the USDA. Once approved, the IDALS will oversee the regulation of hemp and CBD products in Iowa.
Until then, CBD products remain illegal in Iowa. In July 2019, Democratic Attorney General Tom Miller issued a statement reminding the public that CBD products are still illegal unless the products are grown, sold, and possessed in participation with the Iowa Medical Cannabidiol program. CBD is still a Schedule 1 substance, excepting the four FDA-approved CBD products such as Epidiolex.
Licensing requirements for CBD
The IDALS is currently drafting proposed regulations for an Iowa hemp program, to be approved by the USDA before enactment.
New formulations of CBD allow the cannabinoid to be used in a variety of ways. Photo by: (Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)
The Iowa Medical Cannabidiol Program has licensed one manufacturer, MedPharm Iowa, to produce CBD products for registered patients to purchase at one of five licensed dispensaries: MedPharm Iowa was offered dispensary licenses for Sioux City and Windsor Heights. Have a Heart Compassion Care was authorized for Council Bluffs and Davenport, and Iowa Cannabis Company operates in Waterloo. Dispensaries began selling medical cannabis products to registered patients in December 2018.
The IDPH currently is not accepting new applications for manufacturing or dispensary licenses.
There are currently no requirements for CBD lab testing outside of the medical cannabidiol program, as the cultivation and sale of any CBD products other than licensed by the IDPH is illegal.
State law requires laboratories to establish and implement test methods and standard operating procedures for the testing of cannabinoids, microbiological impurities, pesticides, residual solvents and processing chemicals, and metals. All testing labs must, at a minimum, test for and report measurements for the following cannabinoids: THC, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), CBD, cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), cannabigerol (CBG), and cannabinol (CBN).
Only five dispensaries licensed by the IDPH can sell medical cannabidiol products to patients with a valid registration card.
The unlicensed sale of CBD or of any cannabis product is punishable by law with tiered penalties depending on the severity of the offense. The sale of less than 50 kilograms, or 110 pounds, is a felony punished by five years in prison and a $7,500 fine; 50-100 kilograms, or 110-220 pounds is punishable by up to 10 years in prison and a $50,000 fine. The sale of 100-1,000 kilograms, or 220-2,205 pounds, is punishable by up to 25 years in prison and a $100,000 fine. The sale of any amount more than 1,000 kilograms, or 1.1 tons, can earn up to 50 years in prison and a $1 million fine.
CBD oil usually comes with a dropper to allow consumers and patients to measure out their dose. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The sale of cannabis involving a minor, or within 1,000 feet of a school or other public place, can incur a sentence between five to 25 years in prison and up to $100,000 in fines.
The home cultivation of any kind of cannabis is illegal in Iowa. Cultivation without a license is punished by the same violation tiers as the illegal sale of cannabis.
Iowa CBD possession limits
The possession of CBD is legal only for medical marijuana patients with a qualifying medical condition and valid medical cannabidiol program registration card. The CBD product must be purchased from a licensed Iowa dispensary and contain less than 0.3% THC. CBD products may be taken only orally or transdermally, and smoking or vaporizing CBD are prohibited.
Illegal possession of any amount of cannabis is a misdemeanor punishable by tiers of incarceration and fines depending on initial or subsequent offenses. A first offense carries a sentence of up to six months in jail and a $1,000 fine. A second offense is punishable by up to one year in jail and a $1,875 fine, and a third offense scales up to two years of jail time and a $6,250 fine.
How to read CBD labels and packaging
Only medical CBD is legal in Iowa, which has issued extensive labeling requirements for the products. In addition to detailed rules about tamper-resistant packaging, the state requires labels that list the name and address of the manufacturer where the medical cannabidiol was manufactured; the medical cannabidiol’s primary active ingredients; directions for use, including recommended and maximum amount by age and weight; date of expiration; and storage instructions.
Where to Buy CBD Oil in Iowa in 2022
The marijuana laws in the United States are slowly starting to change. Although marijuana is illegal according to the federal government, many states have legalized marijuana for medicinal and recreational use.
As of November 2018, 33 states have implemented medical marijuana programs, and 10 states have legalized marijuana for recreational use.
The latest health supplement craze surrounds the marijuana extract called CBD (cannabidiol). CBD is useful for treating many different symptoms including anxiety, stress, pain, and seizures.
If you are looking to buy quality CBD oils in Iowa, you have come to the right place. Usually, your best bet is to make your purchase with a reputable online supplier.
3. Most Hemp-Derived Cannabinoids Legal | Δ8, Δ9, and Δ10 Illegal | Marijuana Medical Use Only
Table of Contents
Buy CBD Oil in Iowa:
- Royal CBD Oil— Best CBD Oil Overall
- Gold Bee CBD Gummies— Best CBD Gummies
- CBDistillery THC-Free Pure CBD Oil— Best CBD Isolate Oil
- Industrial Hemp Farms— Best CBD Flower
- Honest Paws CBD Oil For Dogs— Best CBD Oil For Dogs
Is CBD Legal in Iowa in 2022?
Yes, CBD oil is finally legal in Iowa. Prior to 2021, CBD was available through the Iowa Medical Cannabidiol Program (referred to as its medical marijuana program).
For a while, qualifying patients could possess it, but had no access to CBD locally. Two amendments, HB 524 in 2017 and HB 2589 in 2019, increased the number of qualifying conditions and set in place two manufacturers.
The Iowa Department of Public Health has current information on registration, regulations, and dispensaries.
Iowa is finally catching up with other states’ CBD laws.
CBD oil derived from industrial hemp is legal to purchase across the United States. These types of CBD oils must contain less than 0.3% THC, which means you can receive all of the benefits of CBD without getting high.
Industrial-hemp CBD oils can be found easily online or in-store. Before you make it purchase, we recommend taking a few steps to protect yourself from sketchy companies selling snake oil.
Guide to Buying CBD Oil in Iowa
The CBD oil industry is new and mostly unregulated. Although there are many quality products available for all your CBD needs, there is an equal number of fake and downright ineffective products.
Follow these steps below to ensure you are getting quality CBD oil every time:
- First, make sure your CBD oil has been tested by a third-party lab. These labs can tell you if there are any dangerous chemicals or unwanted additives in the CBD oil. They can also tell you if the advertised CBD content matches what’s inside the bottle.
- Watch out for companies making extravagant claims about their products. CBD oil is a wonderful health supplement that can improve your daily life, but it’s not going to cure cancer overnight.
- Purchase products made using CO2 extraction. CO2 extraction doesn’t require any heat or additional solvents. This method keeps your CBD oil as clean and pure as possible.
There are always risks when purchasing brand new products in any industry. Following these simple steps will go a long way in protecting you from the companies just trying to make a quick buck off of uninformed customers.
Buying CBD Online
Usually, your best bet is to make your purchase online where you can easily verify the source of your CBD oil.
Purchasing online also has the following advantages:
- Products found online are often less expensive than those found in-store. Online retailers don’t have the costs related to running a physical storefront. This means you can take advantage of discount deals and special offers that may be difficult to find locally.
- Online shops usually have a greater variety of products to suit your CBD needs. In Iowa, dispensaries are currently only allowed to sell tinctures, capsules, and creams. You’ll be able to find all of these online in addition to balms, wax, vape juice, and products for your pets!
- Save yourself time by comparing hundreds of products instantly. Shopping online doesn’t require you to drive around the city to compare pricing and products.
Due to the strict laws regarding CBD oil and marijuana in Iowa, shopping online is almost always more convenient than trying to find a reliable local supplier.
Buying CBD Locally
With that being said, there are still many places with knowledgeable staff who can point you in the right direction if you would prefer to buy CBD in person. However, it’s important to remember that it’s much harder to verify the source and THC content of the CBD oil.
We have included a short list below of local places you can try that may be able to help you find CBD oils in Iowa.
Is CBD Oil Safe?
Yes, CBD oil is safe for human consumption and helps with many medical conditions. However, always check with your doctor and be aware that everyone reacts to CBD differently.
The CBD oil industry is brand new and still trying to find its feet. The laws and regulations around CBD are continually changing, which can make it difficult to find quality CBD products.
Some companies are taking advantage of the uninformed customer and selling CBD oil that potentially contains unwanted additives and contaminants.
Another problem with the unregulated CBD market is that companies are making false claims about their products. The Journal of Regulatory Science has found that many CBD products sold over the counter contain no CBD at all.
However, there are a few steps you can take to protect yourself from these sketchy companies and get into trouble with the law.
A good place to start is examining the legal climate of marijuana in Iowa.
Is Marijuana Legal in Iowa in 2022?
Currently, marijuana is illegal in Iowa, except for a couple of limited cases of severe medical conditions. The state has tried to decriminalize marijuana on several different occasions, all of which failed.
In Iowa, marijuana is currently classified under the Controlled Substances Act as a Schedule I drug (along with meth, heroin, and LSD). Drugs listed in this category are deemed to be highly addictive with the potential for abuse, have no currently accepted medicinal applications, and are unsafe to use under medical supervision.
To put it into perspective, drugs listed as Schedule II (those which have accepted medical uses) include cocaine and opium.
Seems a bit backward, doesn’t it?
Possession of any amount of marijuana in Iowa can lead to harsh penalties. If you are caught with marijuana in Iowa, it can lead to 6 months in prison and/or a $1000 fine. Repeat offenses can lead to longer prison sentences and larger fines.
Unfortunately, Iowa is not a great place to get caught with marijuana.
Medical Marijuana in Iowa
The state of Iowa does have a VERY limited medical marijuana program.
In 2014 Iowa passed Senate Bill 2360 which allowed the possession of CBD oil with a THC content of less than 3%. Only patients suffering from severe, intractable epilepsy with a neurologist’s recommendation were permitted access to CBD oil under Bill 2360.
However, the bill didn’t clarify how patients were supposed to access the CBD oil. There weren’t any available options in the state, and it was still illegal to transport marijuana products across state lines.
The CBD laws in Iowa were expanded upon when Governor Terry Branstad approved House File 524 in 2017.
The new law made CBD oil available to those suffering from the following conditions:
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Crohn’s Disease
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease)
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Untreatable pain, or any terminal illness with a life expectancy under one year associated with severe or chronic pain, nausea or severe vomiting, cachexia or severe wasting.
Finally, Iowa had made a meaningful step in the direction of legal, medical marijuana.
Although marijuana is still a hot topic in Iowa, bills that would expand its usage to other medical conditions and allow access to more products continually get shut down before any progress can be made.
At the end of 2017, the House shut down two bills that would have made it easier to access medical marijuana products and reduce the penalties for possession.
Senate File 2313 would have raised the limit on THC content in CBD oils and expanded the definition of eligible medical conditions.
Another bill, Senate File 2180, would have reduced possession charges to a misdemeanor rather than a felony.
Neither bill survived, which means Iowa still has some of the most strict marijuana laws in the country.
In July 2019, Gov. Kim Reynolds vetoed a bill that would expand the list of eligible conditions and remove the limit on THC in the existing products. Instead of 3% THC CBD oil, patients could have up to 25 grams over a 90-day period.
Is Delta 8 THC Legal in Iowa in 2022?
Delta 8 THC is illegal in Iowa. This state doesn’t look favorably on cannabis of any sort.
Despite the benefits of delta 8, many states are banning it. However, it is legal on a federal level if it’s made from hemp and has less than 0.3% THC.
It’s similar to delta 9 (THC) but gives a milder, mellow high. It’s also less likely to cause paranoia and anxiety.
For now, you don’t have access to it if you’re in Iowa, but maybe someday the state will jump on board with legalization. If it does relax its laws, be careful when buying D8. Third-party tests and customer reviews help you find high-quality products.
Plenty of online vendors hold to high standards, so save time and money and head there first.
Here are three of the best, if you get a chance to try delta 8:
Recommended CBD Retailers in Iowa
These are great starting points on your search for CBD in Iowa. If you don’t see your city on this list, try your local vape shop! If they don’t carry CBD oil, they will likely have a good idea of where to track it down locally.
Final Notes on Buying CBD Oil in Iowa
Although the laws regarding CBD and marijuana are tight in Iowa, there are still a lot of options for getting your favorite health supplement into your hands.
Iowa is slowly making progress with its medical marijuana laws, but it seems as though legal weed is far off into the future.
Even if you don’t have a medical marijuana permit, soon you will be able to legally purchase industrial-hemp CBD with a THC content of less than 03%.
If you are worried about the products found in-store or the current law, make your purchase through a trustworthy online supplier.
Is CBD Legal in Iowa?
You can find CBD at nearly any market in the Hawkeye State, but is CBD legal in Iowa?
Although CBD is increasingly popular for managing conditions like stress and poor sleep, fewer people are certain about CBD’s legal status. Since CBD laws vary from state to state, it can get pretty confusing.
Fortunately, Iowa updated their legislation in 2020 to clarify what kinds of CBD products can be legally sold and consumed in the state.
Now, you no longer need a medical CBD card to access legally-produced CBD in the state, but you do need to understand Iowa CBD laws:
Disclaimer: We’re always working to stay informed on the latest CBD laws and research. However, state laws are subject to change and we advise that you do your own research to verify the information you find in this article. This is not intended as legal advice.
- CBD products were only accessible to qualifying medical patients until 2020. Now, some products may still be prohibited, but legally-produced CBD products are generally accessible.
- The state also has no minimum age requirements, but it may not be easy to access CBD in stores for consumers who are under 21.
- Doctors in Iowa may recommend CBD, but you don’t need a prescription to access it.
- CBD may be accessible at a variety of locations in Indiana, but the state does very little to regulate quality. Certain practices, like buying CBD online and properly vetting your CBD brand, may reduce the risks of buying low-quality formulas.
Legal Concerns About CBD
It’s true that CBD gained its federal legal status in 2018. The Hemp Farming Act effectively removed industrial hemp and its natural derivatives (like cannabinoids) from the Controlled Substances Act.
But there’s a catch, and it complicates things:
Legal CBD products must come from industrial hemp.
This classification is designated to hemp material that meets a strict set of standards. The most significant is that it contains less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. If CBD products are made from any cannabis strain that contains more than 0.3% THC, it is not a federally legal product.
The final product must contain less than 0.3% THC, too.
That means that even if a brand starts with legal hemp material, they need to carry out careful manufacturing procedures to produce a legal end product. It’s possible for certain cannabinoids to be “concentrated” during the extraction process, leading to higher THC concentrations than in the original material. Proper manufacturing and careful testing need to be employed to avoid this issue.
Because there is very little regulation in the CBD industry, it’s important to evaluate a brand carefully before you buy. It can be hard to tell if a CBD product is made from a legal hemp source and meets the federal guidelines for legal hemp products. The best way to ensure that your CBD products are legal is by checking the third-party lab tests for cannabinoid potency.
Of course, these regulations only apply on a federal scale. You must also ensure that your products meet the standards laid out by federal guidelines and those set by your state.
What are the CBD laws in Iowa?
Iowa passed the Medical Cannabidiol Act in 2014, a bill that gave qualifying medical patients the right to use CBD products with less than 0.3% THC by weight. The bill had multiple limitations, especially that it declared no legal forms of access for CBD users. In 2017, Governor Terry Branstad updated the law with House File 524. This file expanded the list of qualifying conditions and provided insight into hemp manufacturing and sales, although both remain pretty restricted throughout the state.
Iowa is one of the few states that did not immediately update legislation to match the federal definition of hemp and hemp-derived products. Unlike states like Colorado and Illinois that got a head start on approval for their hemp programs, Iowa was late to act.
The Iowa Hemp Act, signed in 2019, finally gave the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship provisions for designing framework for a state hemp program to submit to the USDA for approval. At the time, the bill did not clearly define CBD’s legality within the state.
On June 17, 2020, Governor Kim Reynolds submitted House File 2581, a bill that further refined these laws by defining hemp as an agricultural commodity that can be manufactured, sold, and consumed. Further, it declares that CBD products from out of state are also legal in Iowa, providing they come from a state with a USDA-approved hemp program.
The file also clarifies that hemp products cannot legally be sold or used for inhalation, like hemp cigarettes or vaporizers. The use or sale of CBD in this manner is considered a misdemeanor in the state of Iowa. Similar laws have been adopted in a few other states, like Georgia, Texas, and South Dakota.
Is full spectrum CBD legal in Iowa?
It’s easy to assume that CBD isolate is legal in many places since it contains no THC, but many consumers are worried that the trace amounts of THC found in full-spectrum CBD products may cause trouble in states where cannabis is illegal. Luckily, Iowa has no laws restricting full spectrum CBD products that contain 0.3% THC or less, so long as they are grown under a USDA-approved hemp program.
Does Iowa have a CBD possession limit?
To date, there are no possession limits for CBD products that meet legal guidelines. CBD products that contain over 0.3% THC may be classified as cannabis products, which are illegal in Iowa for general use. They do prohibit the use of smokable forms of CBD, like CBD cigarettes or vaporizers. Possession of these forms of CBD could result in a misdemeanor.
Can doctors prescribe CBD in Iowa?
In Iowa, you do not need a prescription to access CBD products, but the sate does have a medical cannabidiol program that allows qualifying patients to access cannabis-derived CBD. In general, doctors typically do not “prescribe” CBD products that are sold over the counter, rather they may “recommend” them. You do need a prescription to access CBD-based pharmaceuticals.
Only one CBD product has been approved by the FDA to date. This product, GW Pharmaceuticals’ Epidiolex, is designed to treat rare forms of childhood epilepsy. Aside from this product (which comes with stringent usage guidelines), many doctors are still learning about the benefits CBD. If you’re interested in the benefits of CBD, you may need to spark a conversation with your doctor.
Where to buy CBD in Iowa?
Iowa’s 2020 CBD laws expand access to hemp products, and you’ll likely find CBD products in convenience stores, grocery markets, and other health stores throughout the state. Still, the state does very little to ensure quality, aside from imposing regulations that are mostly focused on the product’s THC content.
This lack of regulation can be risky.
Buying CBD online is a suitable option for most consumers. When you buy CBD online directly from the brand, you get better oversight of the brand’s manufacturing practices. Looking at the brand’s hemp source and lab testing procedures can help ensure that the CBD products you choose are clean, potent, and meet legal guidelines.
Buying CBD directly from a brand instead of from a third-party market may also be less costly since you won’t have to pay the extra fees that are often tacked on by the middle man. Of course, premium CBD can be expensive to manufacture, so you should also be wary of products that offer low-ball prices.
Finally, buying CBD online may be the best way to access many different types of CBD. The most common type of CBD product is an oil tincture, but you can find a variety of CBD edibles, topicals, and other specialty products when you shop online.
For more information on how to find high-quality CBD products, check out our CBD Buyer’s Guide.
What’s the legal age to buy CBD in Iowa?
The legal age to buy CBD is fuzzy, even when looking at federal regulations. In theory, CBD should be accessible to people of all ages, especially since it gained its popularity as a treatment for various childhood illnesses. Of course, some products may not be suitable for people of all ages, like smokable hemp flower or CBD vaporizers.
In Iowa, there are no statewide regulations regarding the legal age to buy CBD. Instead, these laws may vary by jurisdiction and are more heavily impacted by CBD vendors. Since the legal age for tobacco products has been raised to 21, many smoke shops may require users to be 21 to purchase CBD.
Many CBD brands allow customers who are 18 or older to order online and will ship legal CBD products to Iowa.
Is CBD legal in all 50 states?
Thanks to federal updates, CBD has the potential to be legal in every U.S. state. CBD is legal in Iowa, but every state has different regulations regarding the manufacture and sale of CBD. Click here to find out where CBD is legal.