Growing, processing, or storing hemp inside a residential dwelling is not permitted. Other than that, we do not put restrictions on hemp production locations as part of the hemp application and licensing process. You may be subject to township or city zoning ordinances, which you are responsible for knowing and complying with.
The following acts are considered “negligent violations“:
To sample a hemp lot, the sampler will take 30 cuttings of 30 different plants per lot, randomly selected throughout the plant population. They will cut the top 5 inches of the female flower of each of the 30 plants. At least 75% of the female plants must be flowering in order to take samples, and there must be at least 2 inches of flower vertically along the stem. Lots which have less than 30 plants will be sampled proportionally. Please contact the MDA Hemp Program for more information.
All hemp produced in Minnesota must be sampled and tested within the 30 day window prior to harvest. Every hemp variety planted is considered a separate lot and must be reported and tested separately. The program fees paid by the licensee cover the cost of one inspection visit and one sample/THC test. If they have more than one variety, each one will be sampled separately and send an invoice after the inspection at $125 per additional variety. If they require more than one inspection at a location during the year then they will be invoiced $250 for the additional inspection, plus $125 per additional THC test beyond the first one.
If a negligent violation occurs, the MDA will issue a Notice of Violation to the licensee and require a corrective action plan to be put in place. The MDA is capped at issuing 1 negligent violation per year. Any licensee that has 3 negligent violations in a 5-year period shall have their license revoked and be ineligible to produce hemp for a period of 5 years beginning on the date of the third violation.
If the MDA determines that a licensee has committed a violation with a culpable mental state greater than negligence, the MDA shall immediately report the violation to the USDA, U.S. Attorney General, and the Minnesota Attorney General.
Once you register your hemp fields with us, we will share your field location and contact information with local law enforcement, including the sheriff and the regional drug task force. For this reason, it is essential that you provide accurate field location information.
As defined in the 2018 Farm Bill and Minnesota Statues Chapter18K, Section 2, hemp is the plant Cannabis sativa L., and any part of the plant, whether growing or not, including the seeds, and all its derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, containing a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis. For regulatory purposes, the THC concentration is analyzed post-decarboxylation, as required by the federal law. This is commonly referred to as “Total Potential THC” and is equal to delta-9 THC + (THCA x 0.877). Hemp is an agricultural crop which can be grown for fiber, grain, or medicinal usages.
Beginning in 2021 under the new State Plan, we will move to a random- and risk-based sampling plan. The MDA will focus on official regulatory testing of higher risk hemp lots such as: new varieties, varieties that historically have a 5% or higher failure rate in Minnesota, lots grown by growers that are operating under a corrective action plan, etc. The historical testing data that we will use to determine risk factors is found in THC Test Results Summary by Variety- All Samples 2016- 2020. Please view the Minnesota State Plan for the full details about the sampling plan.
In early 2019, a liter of CBD oil (slightly more than a quart) was worth about $7,000, and a grower who could produce 25 liters on 1 acre could gross $175,000. Numbers like that drew a lot of attention — so much so that the supply ballooned, and the price nosedived.
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One problem with that plan is that a little CBD oil goes a long way. Less than 1 acre’s worth of production, 16.5 liters, is enough CBD oil to produce 8,300 oil retail bottles if each contains 1,200 milligrams of CBD.