How Long Do CBD Gummies Last

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With CBD-infused foods on the rise, consumers often wonder: how long does a CBD edible last? Read on to find out what to expect when ingesting CBD. CBD gummies begin working within two hours, and the effects last approximately 6-12 hours in your system. Many people feel the effects within 30-90 minutes. CBD edibles are processed in the digestive system before being absorbed into the bloodstream. Hence, they need more time to kick in. This article breaks down the time it takes for the effects of CBD edibles to start working — and their duration.

How Long Does a CBD Edible Last?

There are endless possibilities when it comes to infusing CBD oil into food and desserts, including tasty treats like CBD gummies, chocolates, and even honey sticks. But dosing with CBD edibles is hard. How long can you expect the effects to last?

A short answer in 6 to 8 hours. But there’s more to it than that. There are several different factors that contribute to how long a CBD edible lasts, including how it’s digested and how highly concentrated the edible was. So let’s dive a little deeper.

Different types of edibles

Before we dive into the effects of CBD, it’s necessary to outline the importance of potency. Different products will contain varying amounts of CBD, which plays a role in the efficacy of an edible. Gummies are a popular and easy method of CBD ingestion, but there may be only 5 milligrams of CBD in one gummy, compared to a cake pop that contains 30 milligrams. This doesn’t mean that the stronger edible is the better choice, but that you should take CBD potency into consideration before deciding on a product.

What can affect how long a CBD edible lasts?

Since edibles must first pass through your digestive system in order for CBD to absorb into the bloodstream, it’s hard to pinpoint exactly how long you’ll feel the effect of a CBD edible. Science tells us that it can take anywhere from 6 to 8 hours to breakdown food in the stomach and small intestine and absorb its nutrients.

If you ingest a CBD edible, the effects may last this long, but likely won’t be initiated until an hour or so after eating it. Also, there isn’t always a definitive result when using CBD products since they lack the psychoactive effects of THC. You won’t feel high from eating a CBD edible, but that doesn’t mean it isn’t working. Some people do experience a sense of calm or relaxation, but responses can differ from person to person.

When it comes to edibles, certain factors can alter the amount of time the CBD is effective, including:

  • The last time you ate—The time that it takes for a CBD edible to start to work, and how long it lasts, might depend on how full or empty your stomach is. If you just ate a big meal, you can expect the effects of CBD to set-in later than usual, since your digestive tract will have to breakdown all of the contents in your stomach before it starts absorbing the CBD. In contrast, your body will quickly start to process a CBD edible if you haven’t eaten anything in a while.
  • Your metabolism—As with any food, your metabolism is key in determining when and how your body absorbs nutrients from the products you’re eating. If your body processes food quickly, you’ll likely feel the effects of a CBD edible sooner, but these may not last as long as someone with a slower metabolism. When CBD is absorbed at a slower rate, it may potentially extend the effects for a brief period of time.
  • Strength of the edible—In some instances, a higher concentration of CBD may have longer lasting effects than a less potent edible. However, we do not recommend increasing your CBD dosage just to obtain such results. CBD works best when it’s administered periodically rather than all at once, and sticking to your typical dose is always preferred.

Dosing strategy for CBD edibles

If you’re considering eating a CBD edible, first ask yourself what your ideal outcome is for using CBD, or what symptoms you hope to address.

If you have anxiety and are looking for a natural remedy, you’ll likely need less CBD than someone with insomnia who’s trying to fall asleep at night.

If it’s your first time trying CBD, don’t overdo it. Although there are almost no negative side effects when using quality CBD products, you should always take precautions when ingesting a new supplement. When dosing CBD, start low and if necessary you can slowly increase the amount until you find your “sweet spot.”

For those that have already been exposed to CBD and avidly use it, you’ve most likely found a CBD dosage that works best for you. You’ve made it through the trial and error phase, and can use your typical dose of CBD to determine what kind of edible is best suited for you.

If you usually take 10 milligrams of CBD twice a day, look for edible products that contain a similar amount of CBD as well, and take them as often as you would usually administer a CBD capsule or oil.

How Long Do CBD Gummies Last?

Anyone currently consuming CBD gummies or thinking about trying them naturally has two questions. The first question is, “How long for CBD gummies to start working in the system?” The second question is, “How long do CBD gummies last in the system.” CBD goes through the first-pass metabolic process, so the length of time it takes to begin working and to eliminate from the body depends on many factors, like metabolism and weight.

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TLDR: CBD goes through a process in which it is broken down through enzyme action during the first-pass metabolism process. Based on research to date, CBD gummies begin working within two hours, and the effects last approximately 6-12 hours in your system. Many people feel the effects within 30-90 minutes. There are numerous factors influencing when the CBD effects are felt and how long the CBD lasts in the system. They include metabolism, weight and CBD potency.

Understanding the Half-Life of CBD

Any discussion on CBD duration in the system will mention the half-life of the compound. This is the starting point for understanding how CBD breaks down in the body after eating CBD gummies.

The half-life of a compound refers to how long it takes half of the substance to decay into a different substance. Another way of saying it is that the half-life of CBD is the time it takes for the concentration of CBD in the body to be reduced to one-half. The importance of half-life is that it determines how long concentrations of CBD remain in a steady-state and how long it takes to eliminate the cannabinoid.

Since CBD gummies are eaten like food, the CBD is subjected to the first-pass metabolism where it is broken down by enzymes in the digestive system. It takes longer for the CBD to reach the bloodstream when consumed as food compared to taking a few drops of a CBD tincture. A review of multiple research studies found CBD’s first half-life is approximately one to two days when consumed orally. Multiple half-life processes take place with each one reducing the CBD concentration and thus the effects.

What Affects the Half-Life of CBD?

CBD will go through several half-life processes before it becomes undetectable. The point of the elimination half-life is approximately 2-5 days. Why is there such a range of days? Several factors influence how CBD is managed by the body.

  • Dosage amount, i.e., 10 mg, 25 mg, 50 mg, etc.
  • Metabolism
  • Weight
  • Adiposity (fatty tissue content in the body)
  • Genetics
  • How much food is in the stomach when the CBD gummy is eaten
  • Medical conditions
  • Current medications or supplements also taken

Each person is different, so it is only possible to give approximations as to how long CBD gummies last in the system. There is a lot more research needed to better understand how CBD is processed in the body.

For example, during the first-pass metabolism, the CBD in the CBD gummies travels through the gastrointestinal tract to the liver. In the liver, enzymes transform the CBD into metabolites. The remaining original compound and the metabolites then enter the bloodstream for distribution throughout the body. Many of the factors just listed have a direct influence on the first-pass metabolic process, but what still remains unclear is the effects of CBD metabolites.

What Do CBD Gummies Do?

CBD gummies deliver CBD to the body in a flavorful way. They taste like candy but are most are made with natural flavorings and sugars to retain their healthy quality. CBD works differently than THC, and research to date has indicated CBD may have antioxidant effects. These effects are currently undergoing intense research, and each year clinicians learn more about how CBD works in the system.

To date, researchers do know that CBD works by interacting with the endocannabinoid system but in a different way compared to the psychoactive THC in marijuana. The endocannabinoid system manages internal functions and has two main types of receptors: CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptors are mostly in the Central Nervous System and help with the management of things like pain, movement, mood and coordination. The CB2 receptors are found mostly in the Peripheral Nervous System and influence inflammation and pain.

CBD mostly interacts but does not bind with the CB2 receptors after the enzymes break down the cannabinoids. CBD does not attach itself but rather influences them. The activation of the receptors leads to any effects experienced. The research is hypothesizing CBD may have anti-inflammatory and pain-reducing effects because of the particular receptors the compound interacts with. However, research has also found that CBD affects more than receptors in the endocannabinoid system. It also possibly interacts with other receptors outside the endocannabinoid system, like the adenosine receptors which can impact sleep.

There is a lot of anecdotal evidence that users have provided about CBD gummy effects. The CBD gummies are well-tolerated which is one reason the sales are growing so rapidly. Consumers have said the CBD gummies have helped them relax, better manage anxiety and experience reduced pain. Clinical researchers are conducting more and more studies to better understand the exact way the body processes CBD and its effects.

How Long Do CBD Gummies Last?

What is the bottom line on all the research to date, and what is known about how the body processes CBD? In general, summarizing a large amount of research:

  • The effects of CBD gummies are felt anywhere from 30 minutes to two hours after consumption.
  • Studies have found that the effects can last for approximately six to 12 hours which is why many CBD products have dosage instructions that say to eat CBD gummies several times a day.
  • After a week and after using CBD once, the compound is virtually undetectable through standard drug testing.
  • If you consume CBD gummies multiple times over a long term period, it can take up to a month for the body to fully eliminate the CBD.
  • Lower doses of CBD are eliminated faster than higher doses.
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As you can see, there is still no definitive research to answer the question, “How long do CBD gummies last?” Research continues, and more is learned all the time. One day, science will have the answer to the question.

Sources

  1. https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/cbd-gummies-market
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4189631/
  3. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/1666917/
  4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28861484/
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7023045/
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3958836/

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About the Author

Michael Levin is a CBD enthusiast, a researcher, writer and editor in the cannabis space, experienced CBD user and educator. He believes CBD can help improve our overall health and wellbeing.

How Long Does It Take for Edibles to Kick In & Last in the Body?

CBD edibles take a different route than CBD oil. The oil absorbs directly into your bloodstream through the mucous membranes in your mouth, while CBD edibles are first metabolized by the liver.

That’s why they need more time to kick in.

For those who don’t know, CBD edibles are just hemp-infused food that you can find in various forms, including gummies, brownies, honey sticks, protein bars, and more.

They’re much like the weed gummies — but without the high.

CBD edibles have been found to help with a lot of ailments, such as anxiety, pain, and sleep problems. They’re also easier to take and more enjoyable than oils.

Yes, they do need more time to kick in, but their effects also last longer (up to 12 hours).

Today we’ll cover the topic of CBD metabolism from roots to branches.

Why Are People using CBD Edibles?

As mentioned above, CBD edibles are a fun way to deliver the health benefits of CBD. If you like that relaxed state of mind and physical relaxation but you’re not a fan of the earthy taste of oils, edibles may be your go-to form of CBD.

Even though the research on the clinical benefits of CBD is in the early stage, there are hundreds of studies describing its high therapeutic versatility and excellent safety profile.

The best part about edibles is that they’re the healthiest form of consumption. We need food to thrive, so it’s natural for us to consume it, unlike with vapes or other novel products.

CBD edibles are also affordable, easy to dose, and very accessible. If you take them in the right dosage, they don’t come with any side effects, so it’s no wonder why they have become so popular recently.

Why do Edibles Have a Different Onset Time?

No two people are the same — and this applies to our body chemistry too.

That’s why types of CBD take time to kick in the body differently depending on how people consume it. In terms of taking CBD edibles, some may notice the effects after about 30 minutes, while others will even need 2 hours to feel the difference.

Since edibles are broken down in your digestive system, the way they are processed depends on your individual metabolic rate.

But generally speaking, CBD edibles usually need 30–90 minutes to kick in. That’s longer than with oils, which start acting within 15–30 minutes; or with vapes, where a person usually feels the effects after 5 minutes.

On a positive note, you can count on a longer duration. Since CBD is gradually released into the bloodstream, the effects are stretched in time — acting up to 12 hours.

Factors that Impact the Time it Takes for CBD Edibles to Kick In

There are several factors that can affect the time it takes for CBD edibles to kick in. Most of them are related to your lifestyle, including:

  • Diet and eating habits
  • Gender
  • Metabolism
  • Tolerance to cannabis
  • Weight

How Long Does It Take for CBD Edibles to Kick In?

Edibles typically take around 30 minutes to kick in. Sometimes, the onset may be delayed by another 30 minutes, up to 2 hours if you have a slow metabolic rate.

If your product contains fats, it may need less time to start acting because fats improve the absorption rate of cannabinoids. For a faster-acting effect, you may consider taking your CBD edibles on an empty stomach. This way, your body will metabolize it faster than it would if CBD competed with other compounds from your food.

The type of CBD edibles will determine their onset too.

For example, CBD gum, lozenges, and lollipops kick in faster because some of their CBD content is absorbed sublingually when you’re sucking on them. Sublingual absorption bypasses the first-pass metabolism in the liver, ensuring faster effects.

On the other hand, chewable edibles, such as gummies, cookies, or chocolates, may have a delayed onset because the absorption first happens in the digestive tract, from where the active ingredients enter the bloodstream and travel to the liver.

In the liver, CBD is metabolized, released back into the bloodstream, and sent to the brain — which is when edibles start to kick in.

How Long Do CBD Edibles Last?

The average duration of edibles is around 5–6 hours. That being said, it’s also the potency of CBD and your metabolism that decide how long the effects of CBD will stay with you. The products that are chewed will surely last longer than those that you absorb sublingually. In extreme cases, CBD edibles can last up to 12 hours.

Peak blood levels can occur around three hours after administration. This is where you should feel most relaxed and calm. However, it may not be possible to estimate how long the effects of edibles will last. A 2016 study that analyzed over a hundred thousand tweets about cannabis edibles concluded that an “unpredictable” duration was one of the most common side effects listed.

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Common Forms of CBD Edibles

There are many forms of CBD edibles available, with new products coming onto the market every month. Common types of CBD-infused food include:

  • Candy and sweets: gummies, lozenges, lollipops, hard candy, truffles, chocolate, fruit bars, marshmallows, chewing gum
  • Baked goods: cookies, biscuits, waffles, and brownies
  • Beverages: tea, iced tea, soda, energy drinks and shots, coffee, beer, wine, and cocktails

How Much CBD Should You Take?

Most CBD edibles describe the amount of CBD per serving on their labels. For instance, a single gummy usually contains 10 or 25 milligrams of CBD.

In some cases, the manufacturer lists the CBD content of the entire package. Using the gummy example, a jar may contain 300 mg of CBD. If the package contains 30 gummies, that’s 10 mg per gummy. This can be quite confusing with products like cookies or chocolate bars.

CBD Dosing (By Weight)

Since CBD is non-intoxicating, it won’t trigger mental discomfort such as anxiety or paranoia, unlike THC. Nevertheless, high doses may cause mild side effects, such as fatigue or changes in appetite.

The best way to start your journey with CBD edibles is to go with a small dose first, such as 5 or 10 mg, and work your way up to a dose that produces the desired effects.

A good CBD gummy dosage range for beginners is 1–5 mg of CBD for every 10 pounds of body weight.

Since CBD can make you sleepy, it’s best to take lower doses in the morning and save higher doses for the evening until you understand how it affects your circadian rhythm.

Benefits of CBD Edibles

CBD-infused edibles are safer than smoking or vaping. Here’s why you may want to consider becoming a CBD foodie:

  • No respiratory risk. When you smoke or vape CBD, this can irritate your lungs, not to mention that smoking also delivers harmful carcinogens to your body. Smoking can cause lung inflammation and bronchitis. Edibles don’t involve combustion and inhaling the smoke, so it doesn’t pose the same threat.
  • Longer duration. Although vaping provides the highest bioavailability of all consumption methods, its effects are relatively short-lived. In contrast, CBD edibles can last for 8 to 12 hours, which makes them better for patients who want long-acting relief for their symptoms.
  • Discreet. Much like any food, you can take CBD edibles without turning heads. Edibles don’t produce the pungent aromas associated with cannabis smoke. This may be helpful if you use CBD for medical purposes, and need to take your dose while at work.
  • Accessible. You can easily make CBD edibles at home. Making your own vapes and CBD oils is more difficult and time-consuming, giving CBD an upper hand in this clash.

Potential Side Effects of CBD Edibles

According to a 2017 review of the safety profile of CBD, large doses can lead to the following side effects:

  • Dry mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Changes in appetite
  • Changes in weight
  • Diarrhea

CBD is also a potent inhibitor of CYP450, which is a group of enzymes that metabolize around 60% of pharmaceutical medications. Taking CBD with certain drugs can alter their effects by compromising the liver’s ability to break them down. This can lead to either a subtherapeutic effect or drug toxicity depending on the type of interaction.

If you take any medications and are concerned that CBD could interact with them, consult your doctor before buying CBD edibles online. A qualified medical professional will help you gauge the right timing for both substances to avoid negative interactions.

Key Takeaways on the Metabolism of CBD Edibles

CBD edibles are a fun and convenient way to experience the benefits of CBD.

When you take edibles, you don’t need to worry about washing your mouth with lots of water to get rid of that earthy aftertaste that comes with taking CBD oil.

CBD edibles are also more discreet and easier to dose because you know exactly how much CBD is in each serving.

Although they need more time to kick in than CBD oils or vapes, these effects are extended in time, lasting up to 12 hours. If you’re looking for long-lasting relief from your symptoms — or you just want to take CBD once or twice a day — edibles are the best bet.

Just make sure to consult a doctor before buying CBD edibles if you take any medications. A consultation with a holistic practitioner will help you with finding the right dose and avoid CBD-drug interactions.

Do you take CBD edibles? How long does it take for you to notice the first effects? Leave us a comment below!

References:

1. Iffland, K., & Grotenhermen, F. (2017). An Update on Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol: A Review of Clinical Data and Relevant Animal Studies. Cannabis and cannabinoid research, 2(1), 139–154. (1)

Nina Julia

Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.

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