Here’s the step by step:
Step 1: Break your flower apart with your fingers and sprinkle on a cookie sheet. Do not use a grinder as there is no need to grind the flower too fine. This can actually harm the trichomes, decreasing the potency of the bud, and will just make any infusion taste very herbacious.
Inspired by the original blog article titled Decarboxylation, by our friend The Florida Marijuana Mentor, we wanted to also share how you can follow this similar process for CBD.
Step 2: Set your oven to 240 degrees. Once the oven is heated, use an oven thermometer to check the true temperature of the oven. Many ovens run hot, typically 10 degrees over what the digital display reads. You want to find the heat setting where the actual temperature in the oven is 240 degrees. It’s very important to not let the flower get too hot or it will burn and all of the medicinal oil in the trichomes will evaporate. You also want to make sure you get the flower hot enough, or the acid will not be dropped from the CBD and your end product will not give you the benefits you are looking for. Flower is expensive, let’s make sure we get the most out of it that we can!
How to decarb CBD
It’s only the first and most important step in any DIY hemp concoction if you want to unlock the full benefits of the plant. Decarboxylation is the process that activates the compounds in hemp. You can eat dried buds all day, but unless the flower is decarbed, it will only provide amazing anti-inflammatory properties. I repeat, you will NOT get the full therapeutic effects. Why is this?
Heat is the quickest, easiest way to decarb your flower. Time will also naturally create this reaction, but it can take a long time, and I want to be making cannabutter by sundown.
But first, what is decarboxylation?
Step 4: After a total of 40 minutes in the oven, take your flower out. You are done and have just decarb’d your flower! Your bud and the CBD has been activated and is ready to make infusions!
The scientific answer is that all cannabinoids within the trichomes of raw hemp flowers have an extra carboxyl ring or group (COOH) attached to their chain. This means the molecular makeup of one of our favorite cannabinoids, CBD, is actually CBDa in raw hemp flowers. There is an acid attached to the molecular structure. For hemp to have its full effect, that molecule has to be changed, and that acid must be dropped. CBDa needs to be turned into CBD. How? Heat!
The time has come for the big finale, but unlike most other finales, we are in the fortunate situation of having two winners. As it turns out, it all comes down to your personal preference.
Although they both come from the same plant family, they are differentiated by their amount of Tetrahydrocannabinol THC (which is a psychoactive compound). To clarify the difference, hemp describes a plant that contains 0.3-0.2 % THC, and cannabis (marijuana) is a word often used to describe plants that contain high amounts of THC, which is what gives it its psychoactive effect and causes the ‘high’.
So, now we have the science bit out of the way, we can get down to what that means for you and your CBD products.
While decarboxylation’s main purpose is to convert acidic compounds into non-acidic compounds – it is also thought that this process makes cannabinoids more accessible to the body, making them easier to absorb.
Due to hemp’s dominant CBD content and low THC. It is widely used to create CBD products.
Decarb is specifically high in CBD, this is due to a heating process called decarboxylation, which makes CBD the more dominant compound. It is thought that the decarboxylation process makes CBD more bioavailable to your body making it easier to absorb.
Cannabis sativa is a member of the botanical Cannabaceae plant family. There are many different strains of cannabis found in this species, including the hemp variety. There is often confusion as to whether hemp and cannabis are the same plants with the same properties.
The Difference between Raw CBD or Decarb CBD
When it comes to hemp there are over 80 cannabinoids, all with their own distinctive benefits and qualities. There are varying amounts of these cannabinoids found in each strain of cannabis, with some having more cannabidiol (CBD) and others having more THC.
Before picking out a favorite CBD oil, it’s rather important to have basic knowledge of the different compounds found in cannabis sativa. As their functions have a lot to do with the difference between decarb CBD vs raw CBD.