How to Find the Right Ratio for You
According to the Alcohol and Drug Foundation , the word cannabinoid refers to “every chemical substance, regardless of structure or origin, that joins the cannabinoid receptors of the body and brain.”
For this same reason, CBD and THC go hand in hand. For those that may experience negative side effects alongside THC, like anxiety or paranoia, CBD is thought to mellow these out.
It Takes Two to Make a Thing Go Right?
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With this in mind, many patients are opting for ratios that are high in CBD and low in THC in order to get “the benefits without the buzz,” also known as microdosing .
The reason this occurs is because the shape and chemical makeup of CBD and THC are very different. When CBD binds to receptors in the body, known as our CB1 receptors, it actually blocks THC from attaching to those same receptors in a first-come, first-serve manner. This reduces the psychoactivity of products that contain THC and can pave the way for the relaxing effects CBD is known for.
CBD is normally sold in combination with a base oil, such as olive or coconut, as a supplement, vape, gel to be applied to the skin and more recently, in food and drink.
"There is a greater public awareness of the potential therapeutic uses of medical cannabis and cannabinoids such as CBD, particularly in light of the UK government decision to permit some cannabis prescriptions in response to high-profile campaigns by the families of children affected by severe epilepsy," says Professor Sumnall.
What is it doing in food?
Coffees and cakes may contain between 5–10mg of CBD. But clinical trials administer doses of around 100–1,500mg per day, with medical supervison.
"But there is no good scientific evidence that these consumer products have any real benefits.
It's not the psychoactive cannabinoid that gets you high, called THC. Instead it's a product believed by its high-street users to have medicinal properties, such as relaxation and pain-, nausea- and anxiety-relief, although studies are not conclusive.