CBD Oil Guide

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CBD is a popular alternative treatment for conditions like anxiety and pain. But exactly what is it and how do you use it? Learn more in our CBD Guide. Pharmacist’s Guide to CBD Oil ABSTRACT: Cannabidiol (CBD) is becoming more prevalent, and pharmacists must be knowledgeable about these products in order to counsel patients effectively. CBD In the world of CBD, one can get lost in a sea of acronyms and jargon. Here, a beginner-friendly guide to shopping for CBD oils, tinctures, serums and creams.

The Complete Guide to CBD: Everything You Need to Know About Cannabidiol

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the natural compounds found in the cannabis plant. Because it does not produce a “high” feeling, CBD has grown incredibly popular in the past few years for the treatment of medical conditions like chronic pain , anxiety , inflammation , and epilepsy . It is readily available in various forms like CBD oil, lotions, tinctures, hemp flower, gummies, etc. This beginner’s guide to CBD covers everything you need to know, including types of CBD, dosages of CBD, the legality of CBD in the U.S., and more.


What Is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is an extract of the cannabis plant that is mixed with a carrier oil to form CBD oil. In states that have legalized recreational and medical cannabis, there are varieties of high CBD strains of cannabis that you can purchase at your local dispensary.

CBD only products are usually extracted from hemp as opposed to cannabis, because they contain higher amounts of CBD instead of the larger amounts of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that are found in cannabis. To extract CBD oil from hemp or the cannabis plant, a CBD extraction machine is required. Solvents such as ethanol are also typically used in this process. New extraction methods for CBD oil, such as supercritical CO₂ , are now available and make cleaner, more purified CBD products. This is because it balances the temperature and pressure of the plant during extraction, eliminating the need for solvents.

Prescription CBD oil, called Epidiolex , can be safely administered by a doctor for children suffering from seizures due to certain epilepsies. CNN’s medical correspondent Doctor Sanjay Gupta hosted a documentary highlighting CBD for children diagnosed with epilepsy and seizures . In the documentary, Weed 4: Pot vs Pills , Doctor Sanjay Gupta emphasizes the medicinal value of cannabidiol.

Therapeutic Potential of CBD Oil

Many doctors and proponents of holistic and all natural medicine trust in the therapeutic component of CBD as an alternative medicine to reduce various symptoms to alleviate or play a potential role in the following conditions, according to the World Health Organization (WHO): “ nausea , inflammatory bowel and Crohn’s disease , anxiety, depression, psychosis, cancer , neuropathic pain , asthma, Alzheimer’s disease , Parkinson’s disease , rheumatoid arthritis , inflammatory disease, multiple sclerosis , cardiovascular diseases , diabetic complications , and infection.”

CBD is generally well-tolerated and has a good safety profile. Major studies from the scientific community continuously appraise the medicinal benefits of CBD. It is clearly evident that more research needs to be done to prove the effectiveness and long-term outcomes of this medicine. Our country can no longer rely on doctors continuously prescribing suboptimal or even addictive medications that aren’t giving patients relief.

The WHO reported in 2017 that no “public health related problems” have been connected to the use of pure CBD. The report adds that, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential.” CBD is a generally safe option alternative treatment, as long as you consult your doctor to be sure that CBD won’t interfere with your other medications.

Potential Side Effects of CBD

However, CBD may also carry mild temporary side effects, including drowsiness, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abnormal liver function tests. Most of the abnormal liver function tests were reported to be reversible in the Epidiolex clinical studies with adjustment of CBD dose or seizure medication dose.

You should always learn how CBD products affect you before driving, operating machinery, or increasing your dose, as higher doses increase the probability of side effects. The efficacy, drug interactions, or long-term effects of cannabis or cannabinoids are not yet fully known, and may not be suitable for everyone. Thus, always talk to your healthcare provider first before taking cannabis or CBD products for any reason.

What Is the Difference Between CBD and THC?

Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is a chemical component that causes the intoxicating effects of the cannabis plant. However, high-CBD and low-THC strains of cannabis do not produce intoxication, but offer the ability to alleviate many ailments including seizures. These strains, such as Charlotte’s Web , highlight the medicinal characteristics of cannabis.

What Are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are chemical compounds that naturally occur in the cannabis plant. Cannabis contains around 150 cannabinoids ; the two primary and most popular cannabinoids are THC and CBD. As cannabis research evolves, we are learning more about other cannabinoids like cannabigerol (CBG) , cannabinol (CBN) , and cannabichromene (CBC). These natural cannabinoids can play a major role in the endocannabinoid system, a system of the human body that was not in the limelight until recently and is still being explored.

The Endocannabinoid System

Although it is one of the oldest biological systems of the human body, you may have never heard of the endocannabinoid system . Our bodies come equipped with this entire system that is responsible for managing a multitude of physiological processes. The endocannabinoid system, or ECS for short, is a map of cannabinoid receptors located throughout the body.

The purpose of the endocannabinoid system is to regulate a variety of bodily functions such as mood, memory, fertility, appetite, hormones, and responses to pain or stress. In the end, the ECS helps our bodies maintain homeostasis or balance .

In fact, the discovery of the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant led to the naming of the ECS. “Since the time when exogenous cannabinoids revealed their existence, the entire natural complex came to be called the ‘endogenous cannabinoid system,’ or ‘endocannabinoid system’ (ECS),” according to Dr. Bradley E. Alger in his 2013 paper published in Cerebrum .

In other words, endocannabinoids are the body’s natural endogenous cannabinoids. Endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters that activate the cannabinoid receptors of the ECS.

How Cannabinoids Interact With the ECS

However, we also react to exogenous (meaning external) cannabinoids like those found in cannabis. Phytocannabinoids, “ phyto” meaning plant-derived cannabinoids, also attach to our receptors that initiate a physiological response. Essentially, our receptors are the lock and cannabinoids are the keys that unlock feedback.

At this time, there are two known receptors in the ECS: CB1 and CB2. Both are dispersed all over the body; however, CB1 receptors are mostly found in our brain and nervous system, while CB2 receptors are condensed in our organs and immune system. Each of the two types of receptors are responsible for strategically keeping order of our immune and nervous system functions.

Emerging evidence indicates that cannabinoid receptors may bond with each other, and that cannabinoids may also interact with adenosine, opioid, serotonin, and dopamine receptor families. In due time, we’ll be able to learn more about our other receptors and their effects when more research is conducted.

Hemp CBD vs. THC CBD

Most are familiar with THC, the cannabinoid responsible for the intoxicating and euphoric effects of marijuana that causes “impairment.” THC’s molecular form is very similar to our bodies’ naturally occurring endogenous neurotransmitters.

Hemp and cannabis are the same species of plant, but hemp is federally legal and contains less than 0.3% THC content, meaning that it does not intoxicate users like most cannabis in the recreational market does. Essentially, the word hemp refers to low THC variations of the same plant. Another main difference between hemp and cannabis is the use of hemp for industrial purposes like the production of paper, building materials, skincare products, food, and clothing .

The Entourage Effect

There are hundreds of different types of organic compounds found in the cannabis plant. When ingested, virtually all of these cannabinoids and other compounds work together and produce a complete, well-rounded effect known as the entourage effect . Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, the founder of THC , conducted research in 1999 that introduced the concept of the entourage effect. Today, the term is used to describe how individual chemical components synergistically work together to produce superior effects and improve the cannabis experience.

So what else plays a role in the entourage effect? There are six main cannabinoids:

  • Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabichromene (CBC)

The last four are less popular but are beginning to get more attention. Terpenes are another component of the cannabis plant that create the scents of individual strains and are believed to contribute to the entourage effect. Cannabis researcher Dr. Ruth Fisher points out that terpenes can increase the body’s rate of absorption of cannabinoids . The entourage effect, in other words, is the idea that CBD is enhanced by the other cannabinoids and compounds found in cannabis and/or hemp derived plant medicine.

Is CBD Psychoactive?

The answer to this is a little complicated. CBD alone won’t produce an outright intoxicating response or get you high. In fact, CBD can be used to counteract the intoxicating effects of THC . However, it is important to note that CBD is technically psychoactive, meaning that it affects the mind.

CBD affects the mind in positive ways like alleviating stress and anxiety , boosting mood, improving depression and addiction as well as helping with sleep. These are just a few of its health benefits. It is more widely used for pain and inflammation . Some who are more perceptive of their physiology might feel a subtle uplift in their mood.

But it won’t be enough to cause a mind-altered state, reduced cognition, paranoia, or anxiety like THC can. CBD will not make you lose your control or even alter your behavior. Though, be aware that there are some risks depending on what products you use like supplements and medications.

CBD Is Psychoactive but Doesn’t Induce a High

Many people also believe that the word psychoactive automatically implies something bad or negative, but something that affects your mind is not always a bad thing. We consume many foods and compounds that have psychoactive properties without any adverse effects. Chocolate is one such example. Chocolate does have psychoactive properties, particularly dark chocolate. For example, both chocolate and CBD influence serotonin activity.

When individuals see the word “psychoactive,” they automatically associate it with the effects of THC. Due to this stigma, companies end up putting CBD under the “non-psychoactive” label. It also creates some distance from intoxicating cannabis strains containing high potency THC that are popular at recreational dispensaries.

You’ll want to become familiar with the differences between broad-spectrum CBD and full-spectrum CBD products, because full-spectrum products utilize the entire plant and have very little THC in them. And for CBD to be legal, it is required to have less than 0.3% THC. Although rare, those who are sensitive to THC might experience minimal intoxicating effects when using full-spectrum CBD goods. Broad-spectrum products have undergone processing that removes all THC compounds, therefore virtually eliminating the risk of feeling high. We cover different types of CBD oil in depth in the next section of this guide.

CBD Binds to Receptors Differently Than THC

While CBD won’t provoke an intense response from our CB receptors like THC, it will impact them and the way they operate. It’s not limited to just our CB receptors either! CBD can bind to other receptors in the body and influence them as well. For example, CBD has known effects on our serotonin receptors that reduce stress . While at the same time, it can also inhibit functions in others like our pain receptors.

Although this is all good news, the way in which the cannabinoid compounds interact with our brain is yet to be fully understood . Many studies are still underway while experiments exploring potential treatments are being tested on mice. Rest assured, while we may not have definitive evidence on a lot of aspects regarding CBD, its safety has been repeatedly confirmed and remains unchallenged.

Different Types of CBD Oil

If you’ve been following the recent CBD craze, you’ve likely encountered products on the market labeled as broad-spectrum, full-spectrum, or Isolate. These terms can be confusing for everyone, especially for beginners and curious folks alike. We are happy to enlighten you on the key differences in these descriptions and how to use CBD oil. We briefly touch on the subject in the video below, but let’s explore these terms in depth.

Full-Spectrum CBD

Full-spectrum CBD, or whole plant CBD, is created using the whole hemp plant, meaning that it still contains different components of the plant like multiple cannabinoids (CBD, CBN, CBG, etc.), terpenes, and flavonoids. THC is also present but still below 0.3% (otherwise it would not be federally legal).

A study published in 2018 in the journal Frontiers in Neurology analyzed medical records and patient surveys for those being treated with CBD for refractory epilepsy. The researchers found that “CBD-rich extracts seem to present a better therapeutic profile than purified CBD, at least in this population of patients with refractory epilepsy. The roots of this difference is likely due to synergistic effects of CBD with other phytocompounds (aka Entourage effect), but this remains to be confirmed in controlled clinical studies.” In the study, patients taking full-spectrum CBD needed lower average doses of CBD in comparison to those taking pure or isolated CBD.

Broad-Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum products belong in a category that is somewhere between full-spectrum and isolates. While all of the organic plant matter is processed, the THC molecules are isolated and thoroughly excluded. Those that use broad-spectrum products are able to experience the benefits from the entourage effect, because all of the other collaborating cannabinoids and terpenes remain included in the product.

Isolate CBD

Isolate means that only the CBD compounds have been extracted from the plant. The original plant matter has been extensively refined to narrow down and separate molecules, so that the only thing left is CBD. Isolate is 99.9% pure CBD. Sometimes, additives like artificial terpenes and flavonoids are included to enhance the taste, smell, or consistency. Otherwise, there should be virtually zero traces of any other compounds in it.

Can I Fail a Drug Test by Taking CBD?

“Will I fail a drug test if I take CBD?” is a question we often hear (see the video below). Those who are subject to regular drug screenings such as federal employees often wonder if CBD will pose an issue for them. The answer is yes, depending upon the type of CBD product you ingest, cannabinoids can show up on a drug test.

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It’s not unusual for CBD consumers to feel confused when the terms on the product labels aren’t generally well-known. Refer to the above section for the differences between full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate CBD. While it is extremely rare, full-spectrum CBD products have the ability to produce a positive result on drug tests that screen for THC.

Since all THC molecules are eliminated, broad-spectrum products are less likely to show up in routine drug testing and may be a good choice for those who want to refrain from consuming THC. CBD isolate is a great option for those who want to avoid the euphoric effects of THC or are concerned about passing a drug test, because the THC molecules have been virtually eradicated.

Best Way to Calculate Proper CBD Dosage

Are you one of the millions of people turning to the CBD market as an alternative or addition to prescription meds ? More Americans are substituting opioids with cannabis , which unlike opiate-based medications, are non-lethal and many find that they experience fewer side effects with CBD.

Between the years 1999 and 2017, drug overdoses killed 702,568 people in the United States and almost 400,000 of those deaths involved the use of opioids. This is according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , which claims that from 2015-2016, illicitly manufactured synthetic opioids like fentanyl killed more people than any other drug category.

Thankfully, cannabis may produce some of the same sedating and pain-relieving effects produced by drugs in the opiate class, causing a reduction in opioid use . CBD is being widely used as a natural and safe pain management treatment. In fact, a recent study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry revealed how CBD could even reduce opioid cravings and craving-related anxiety in a double-blinded, randomized placebo-controlled trial setting.

If you’re using CBD for another purpose, such as for anxiety relief or as a means of establishing proper overall health and wellness, the following information will be equally as important for you to absorb. But how do you take CBD oil? Read on to learn more about dosage considerations.

Important Dosage Considerations When Using CBD Oil

Now, we are going to talk about dosage and what is the optimal amount of CBD to use for you personally. While you can’t overdose from this cannabinoid, the likelihood of side effects increases with the dose. Determining the best CBD dosage generally depends on the following factors:

  • Body weight: One milligram of CBD for every kilogram of body fat is a good starting point when trying it for the first time. The heavier the person, the more cannabinoids they will need in order to experience what a lighter person experiences with a lower dosage. If you have side effects, try reducing your dose and slowly working your way back up.
  • Concentration: Pay attention to the potency of your CBD before consuming it. For example, dropping a one-milliliter tincture onto your tongue containing 1,500 mg of the non-intoxicating cannabinoid will provide you with around 50 mg of CBD.
  • Tolerance level: Are you a chronic cannabis consumer? If so, or if you have been using CBD for a while now, keep in mind that your tolerance will be higher than a newbie, so you might need a stronger dosage.
  • Desired outcome: The more pain or discomfort you’re in, the more CBD you’ll need to experience relief. Consider how you want to feel before consuming CBD and base your decision on this.
  • Age: As we age, our metabolism tends to slow down and the number of prescriptions you’re on tends to go up. These factors may mean you would likely need lower doses of CBD.
  • Medications: CBD is metabolized by the same enzymes responsible for degrading around 60% of prescription medications. In the clinical studies for Epidiolex , CBD caused increased levels of the anti-seizure medication clobazam, which caused adverse effects. However, these adverse events were generally mild and reversed by reducing the dose of either CBD or clobazam. Certain medication and CBD doses may need to be adjusted by your doctor.

In addition to the aforementioned guidelines for choosing a CBD dosage, you should pay attention to the concentration of whatever product you end up buying. Low potency would be in the range of 1-10 mg per serving, whereas a medium potency oil should deliver around 10-25 mg of CBD per serving, e.g. per capsule, per spray, per tincture, etc. Anything higher than this is considered highly potent.

Is CBD Legal?

CBD products are gaining popularity on their own aside from the legalization movement of cannabis worldwide. Times are changing in the cannabis industry as the U.S. federal government is taking the necessary steps to end the War on Cannabis. Effective September 28, 2018, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) made a groundbreaking announcement:

“With the issuance of this final order, the Acting Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration places certain drug products that have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and which contain cannabidiol (CBD) in Schedule V of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Specifically, this order places FDA-approved drugs that contain CBD derived from cannabis and no more than 0.1 percent tetrahydrocannabinols in Schedule V.”

It’s important to be informed about the terminology behind these products. CBD that is derived from industrial hemp is federally legal in every state. However, each state sets their own laws regarding hemp as well as medical or recreational cannabis use. Check out this guide regarding CBD laws to see where your state stands in terms of CBD legality. In order to meet legal requirements, all CBD goods MUST contain less than 0.3% THC. Check out the next section for more information on the differences between cannabis and hemp.

Legalized CBD-Derived Medication

It is important to note that the pharmaceutical medication Epidiolex is the only CBD-based medicine approved by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA). Epidiolex itself is now no longer classified as a controlled substance by the DEA. Under the DEA’s Schedule V status, CBD is now classified as the least restrictive controlled substance.

Epidiolex is an oral solution that is supposed to treat seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome in children of two years and older. Recently in 2020, it was also approved for seizures associated with tuberous sclerosis complex in children over age one. Ever since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) panel approved Epidiolex, people have been confused about the legal status of this substance.

Since CBD is a targeted medicine for the treatment of epilepsy and given to children to treat their seizures , the lack of intoxication makes CBD a perfect medicine for treating medical problems in children. For the first time in U.S. history, a hemp-derived medication won federal approval in the US.

What’s the Difference Between Legal Hemp and Cannabis?

There is a legal distinction between cannabis and hemp. Cannabis is typically bred for recreational dispensaries and is high in THC content, which provides inebriating effects. On the other hand, hemp is bred and grown for the industrial use of fiber as well as seed, and all hemp must legally contain below 0.3% THC. With hemp, there is no way to induce intoxication by consuming any reasonable amount of it. Hemp-derived CBD products are available to purchase in stores (not just dispensaries) and online.

All that being said, the 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a DEA rule that defines any cannabis extract as a Schedule I controlled substance if it contains one or more cannabinoids, a definition that CBD seems to fit.

“Contrary to some early reports, this ruling does NOT classify hemp-derived cannabidiol (CBD) as a controlled substance, nor does it signify that the popular hemp product is federally illegal…In short, the DEA’s ‘marijuana extract rule’ does not apply to hemp or derivative products such as hemp-derived CBD. Period…Anybody out there that says the law is definite one way or another is lying.” – Jonathan Miller, The Hemp Industry’s Lawyer

Until the situation becomes clearer, it’s best to check out the laws in the city or state in which you live.

Can I Purchase CBD Online?

Where to buy CBD oil is a question that many readers ask us. Just about anyone in the U.S. can purchase CBD derived from hemp online right now. There are lots of CBD products available such as oil, lotion, coffee, shampoo, candy, beauty products , and vape juice.

How Do I Know if the CBD I’m Buying Is Legitimate?

If you don’t live in a state in which cannabis is legal, you may have some difficulties with finding legitimate CBD products. Whenever you’re buying online, make sure to do some due diligence and read some reviews, because there are no required testing regulations to see if the product is effective or not.

Always look for the “ Certificate of Analysis ” (COA) to ensure purity and potency. These results should detail the levels of various cannabinoids, terpenes, and solvents used in the manufacturing process. It also helps ensure the product is free of harmful contaminants and unwanted ingredients like pesticides and heavy metals. Avoid buying hemp products from overseas, as they are more likely to contain such contaminants. You can also look for any additional certifications like “ USDA Certified Organic Hemp ” or “ BSCG Certified ” for more credence.

Is It Legal to Ship CBD Products Across State Lines?

Yes, there are companies that comply with the 2018 Farm Bill , and they can ship their products anywhere in the U.S. with the right commercial licensing. This bill differentiates cannabis from industrial hemp and allows the cultivation of hemp within the United States.

As of April 2021 , there are currently 36 U.S. states that have medical marijuana programs. Note that some of these states only allow CBD in oil form containing a low percentage of THC, and some only allow CBD oil for the treatment of pediatric epilepsy as part of their medical cannabis programs. As of 2018, the following states have no rules regarding whether CBD comes from cannabis or hemp as well as any laws limiting CBD:

  • Washington DC
  • Oregon
  • Alaska
  • California
  • Nevada
  • Colorado
  • Illinois
  • Michigan
  • Vermont
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts

The following states have medicinal cannabis programs that only allow CBD oil:

  • Georgia
    Iowa
  • Texas (this will be changing to allow 5% THC oil beginning in December 2021)
  • Virginia


Medicinal Uses for CBD

CBD is an option for those who need relief from their medical ailments without the intoxicating effects of THC or other drugs like opioids. CBD is a chemical compound that occurs naturally in the cannabis and hemp plants and is not a mind-altering substance , unlike the plant’s well-known intoxicating constituent THC.

While you can’t overdose from CBD, it can provide plenty of therapeutic effects for the human body. Studies show that extracts with a high-CBD content tend to work well as a candidate anxiolytic (meaning that it reduces anxiety), antidepressant , and antipsychotic .

What Are Some of the Conditions That Improve With CBD Oil?

Below are some of the many conditions for which CBD is used to alleviate symptoms:


Can CBD Replace Prescription Medication?

Thanks to the pain relieving effects of CBD, some patients are able to stop taking addicting opioid medications for their chronic pain. According to Consumer Reports, CBD works to fight inflammation (it is an anti-inflammatory), addiction, and anxiety. Speak to your doctor and make sure that taking CBD won’t interfere with any of your prescription medications or supplements.

Unlike most pain medications that are often prescribed by doctors, such as Hydrocodone (prescribed 127,859,000 times in 2017), Oxycodone/OxyContin (16,440,000), and Morphine sulfate (9,658,000), CBD consumption is by no means limited to consuming a capsule. CBD comes in many forms like CBD edibles , beverages, topicals, tinctures, and more. You can read more about ways to take CBD oil in the next section.

It’s always important to be well informed on how remedies work and the effects that they may have on your body. Again, speak with your doctor before using CBD, especially if you are currently taking other medications, and see if it’s the right thing for you.

Best Ways to Take CBD

CBD oil – whether in its isolated, full-spectrum, or broad-spectrum form – can be baked into edibles for slow-releasing effects, taken sublingually (under the tongue) in the form of a tincture, vaporized for fast symptomatic relief, spritzed onto the tongue for quick absorption into the bloodstream or consumed in the form of a suppository or capsule. CBD can even be applied topically to affected muscles or areas of skin for localized relief in the form of topicals and lotions.

The best way to take CBD oil is going to be different for each individual depending on their preferences and needs. CBD can be delivered to your body in multiple ways, ranging from applying topical cream over your skin to eating CBD infused products. High-quality CBD products are available for users from high-quality chocolates to refreshing infused beverages. There are endless possibilities with infused foods and drinks ranging from CBD coffee, to CBD candy, and even hemp seeds for smoothies.

Benefits of the Different Types of Ways to Consume CBD

  • Edibles: Many patients choose edibles for medicating with CBD for their slow-releasing and-long lasting effects. Plus, there are fun and discreet options for consuming CBD like candy, chocolate, and gummies.
  • Lotions:Patients struggling with skin conditions like psoriasis and acne, as well as aches and pains in the muscles and joints, may prefer to use lotions and topicals containing CBD. These can be applied directly to sore muscles as well.
  • Tinctures : Tinctures are an excellent option for those who need fast relief. They are used sublingually, meaning that they are placed under the tongue for faster absorption. Tinctures can avoid the cannabinoid-reducing “first pass” effect in the liver. They are available both as sprays or as tinctures (which are applied with a dropper).
  • Vaping: Vaping CBD is one method that many choose for fast relief of symptoms. Additionally, some say it helps them quit smoking and that they enjoy vaping flavored CBD oil. Vaping and other inhalational methods may carry unknown health risks and may not be suitable for those with heart or lung conditions.
  • Drinks: Like edibles, CBD drinks are a fun and discreet way to enjoy the benefits of CBD. With the rising popularity of CBD products, there are numerous drink options available, like soda, coffee, seltzer, and tea. Some cafes even offer CBD as an optional add-in for smoothies.

We emphasize doing your due diligence and making it a point to only purchase CBD products that have been thoroughly lab tested and have a Certificate of Analysis (COA) available.

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To summarize, cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the hundreds of compounds found in the cannabis plant. The substance has a wide range of medicinal and therapeutic effects that have been shown to be beneficial for different medical conditions, including insomnia , chronic and neuropathic pain , depression, anxiety, and even for children with epilepsy.

Remember to speak with your doctor before using CBD to learn if it’s right for you, especially if you are taking prescription medications. At Veriheal, we can set up an appointment for you with a medical marijuana doctor or a cannabis coach to learn more about how cannabinoids like CBD and THC may be able to alleviate the symptoms of your condition(s).

Note: The content on this page is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be professional medical advice. Do not attempt to self-diagnose or prescribe treatment based on the information provided. Always consult a physician before making any decision on the treatment of a medical condition.

This guide is a compilation of blog posts written by Chane Leigh , Lo , Anthony Dutcher , and Bethan Rose .

Pharmacist’s Guide to CBD Oil

ABSTRACT: Cannabidiol (CBD) is becoming more prevalent, and pharmacists must be knowledgeable about these products in order to counsel patients effectively. CBD laws and regulations are determined at the state level in the United States. Non–FDA-approved CBD products are not regulated and may contain harmful chemicals. Pharmacists must counsel patients on where and how to obtain products and to check the amount of CBD and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in the product. CBD has numerous drug interactions that should be evaluated by a pharmacist. CBD is most promising for treatment-resistant seizures, and more research is necessary to evaluate its use for other indications. Sativex is currently being investigated in the U.S. for treatment of spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis and schizophrenia. In general, more studies of CBD are needed.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is gaining popularity across the United States. Pharmacists must be able to answer patients’ questions about CBD and make recommendations. This article will provide specific information about CBD, including laws, how to select a non–FDA-approved CBD product, indications for use, side effects and warnings, drug interactions, dosing and directions, pharmacokinetics, and the future of CBD oil. After reading this article, pharmacists should feel confident about counseling patients about CBD and recommending CBD products.

Laws Concerning CBD

CBD was first isolated from the Cannabis sativa plant in the 1930s. CBD is a nonpsychoactive part of the plant, whereas delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the major psychoactive part of the plant. In the 1970s, researchers evaluated CBD as a pharmacologic agent. 1 Epidiolex, a 100 mg/mL oral solution with less than 0.01% THC, became the first FDA-approved CBD-containing drug in June 2018. 2 The drug is Schedule V and indicated only as an anticonvulsant for Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome in patients aged 2 years and older. 3

In December 2018, the Agriculture Improvement Act, which removed hemp from Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) regulation as a controlled substance, was passed and signed into U.S. law. Hemp is defined as a cannabis plant that contains no more than 0.3% THC. (In contrast, marijuana has a higher THC.) Hemp is now regulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and is legal in all 50 states. Laws and restrictions regarding the selling of hemp products vary by state, making it questionable to travel with CBD products. 2

U.S. laws and regulations concerning CBD are determined at the state level. Currently, 33 states have legalized CBD use for medical purposes, and 10 states (Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont, and Washington) and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana for recreational use. In states such as New York, Minnesota, and Connecticut, pharmacists are required to dispense the products in authorized dispensaries. Marijuana-derived CBD oil is still considered illegal under the Controlled Substances Act in accordance with the DEA’s classification of marijuana as a Schedule I substance. 2

Selecting a Non–FDA-Approved CBD Product

Pharmacists must educate patients about how to select an appropriate non–FDA-approved CBD product. These products are not tested for safety, efficacy, or quality. 4 The main concerns in picking a non–FDA-approved CBD product are that it may contain harmful chemicals and may not accurately list the correct amounts of CBD and THC it contains. These products could contain harmful contaminants (e.g., pesticides, heavy metals) or have high levels of THC, which would result in a positive urine drug test. 5 The patient should be advised to obtain CBD products from a medical dispensary because these products are regulated. The patient should also consider ordering products from states where CBD is legal because more testing is done in those states. When selecting a product, the patient should check the label to see if it lists the amount of CBD in each dose. 5,6 The manufacturer should provide a Certificate of Analysis, which shows an independent laboratory’s assessment of the product’s potency and the presence of contaminants. 5 When assessing quality, the patient should look for the Hemp Authority seal, which means that the product is legal and the manufacturer is adhering to quality standards. 7

Indications for CBD

As consumer demand in the U.S. has risen, along with the number of dispensaries, the number of studies addressing the therapeutic effects of CBD has increased. The studies performed, however, are insufficient; large randomized, placebo-controlled trials need to be conducted. CBD seems most promising for treatment-resistant seizures. There is limited evidence concerning the use of CBD for psychotic symptoms in Parkinson’s disease and for anxiety related to public speaking. CBD has not been proven effective for pain, nausea, or depression. 4 THC, conversely, is thought to be effective for these conditions because it has a different mechanism of action. THC activates the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain, and CBD does not. As mentioned previously, CBD does not have psychotropic effects and THC does. These differences are believed to account for the different uses of CBD and THC. 7,8

Patients with early-onset epilepsy who are resistant to conventional therapy may benefit from CBD oil. A trial that investigated the effect of CBD on drop seizures of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome found that CBD 10 mg/kg/day or 20 mg/kg/day, when added to conventional therapy, led to a greater reduction of drop seizures compared with placebo. 9 The most common adverse reactions were somnolence, decreased appetite, and diarrhea. Specific adverse events from CBD included elevated liver aminotransferase concentrations. 9

Clinical findings on the use of CBD oil in Parkinson’s disease (PD) remain unclear. Past studies have evaluated CBD’s efficacy in minimizing nonmotor symptoms of PD, such as cognitive deficits, sleep disturbances, psychosis, depression, and anxiety. 10 The neuroprotective properties of CBD have been studied in animals with PD, with results indicating that CBD appears to reduce psychotic symptoms. 11 Although patients with PD have reported fewer sleep disturbances as well as improvements in quality of life, treatment in humans requires further investigation on a larger scale, with longer durations and more standardized dosing. 12 Most studies have used combinations of CBD and THC extracts, including nabilone, a synthetic CB1 receptor agonist. CBD dosages of 150 mg/day for 4 weeks and titrated by 140 mg/week were found to be safe and well tolerated and did not worsen motor function. 10

More evidence is needed to support the use of CBD for anxiety. Studies have found that CBD 300 mg may be effective for anxiety related to public speaking, and doses of 400 mg to 600 mg may help patients with social anxiety disorder and public speaking–related anxiety. Studies are inconclusive concerning the utility of CBD for anxiety. 13

Side Effects and Warnings

Studies have reported various properties and potential benefits of CBD. Some undesired side effects of CBD use are decreased appetite, dry mouth, diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, lightheadedness, orthostatic hypotension, psychomotor slowing, sedation, somnolence, weight loss, and increased risk of liver injury with dosages of 20 mg/kg/day or the use of clobazam or valproate. Monitoring of liver enzymes, weight, and cognitive function may be warranted. CBD can pass through the placenta, so it is recommended that CBD be avoided during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. Because CBD oils may contain trace amounts of THC, operating heavy machinery and driving should be avoided when treatment is initiated. 1

Drug Interactions

CBD is metabolized in the liver, mainly by CYP2C19, CYP3A4, and UGT. This can lead to interactions with prescription drugs, OTC medications, and herbal supplements. 1,14

The inhibition of CYP2C19 by CBD can increase levels of carisoprodol, citalopram, clopidogrel, diazepam, phenytoin, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), valproic acid, and warfarin. As a strong CYP3A4 inducer, CBD may lessen the efficacy of amlodipine, atorvastatin, buprenorphine, bupropion, diltiazem, eplerenone, fentanyl, loperamide, midazolam, paclitaxel, pioglitazone, sildenafil, solifenacin, tamsulosin, testosterone, topiramate, zolpidem, and other 3A4 substrates. 7

More serious effects may occur with concomitant use of central nervous system depressants, such as barbiturates, benzodiazepines, fentanyl, morphine, and propofol. These effects are the result of the synergistic effects of sedation and hypnotic effects at high doses. Increased sedative effects may also be seen with herbal supplements, including kava, melatonin, S-adenosylmethionine, and St. John’s wort. 13,14

Other interactions to be aware of are presented in TABLE 1.

Dosing and Directions

In unregulated dispensaries, CBD oil sold comes in a sublingual formulation known as CBD tincture and is generally available in 30-mL bottles with dropper caps. 15 A bottle costs approximately $20. The concentration of the tincture ranges from about 1,500 mg to 3,000 mg per bottle. If a drop equals 0.05 mL, one bottle contains approximately 600 drops of CBD oil. Drops are usually placed under the tongue, and the patient should let the oil absorb into the lining of the mouth, without swallowing, for 30 seconds to 1 minute. Capsules and gummies are also available. 15

Epidiolex Dosing

As noted earlier, Epidiolex (CBD) is an FDA-approved oral solution for treatment of seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome. The cost of Epidiolex is approximately $2,708 per month. It is supplied as 100 mL of solution containing CBD 100 mg/mL. For both indications, the initial starting dosage is 2.5 mg/kg orally twice daily for 1 week. The dosage may be titrated weekly in increments of 2.5 mg/kg twice daily to a maintenance dosage of 5 mg/kg twice daily. The maximum dosage is 10 mg/kg twice daily or 20 mg/kg/day. Gradual tapering is recommended when Epidiolex is discontinued. 3

Starting at a low dosage is recommended for elderly patients and patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment. The dosage should be 1.25 mg/kg to 5 mg/kg twice daily or 0.5 mg/kg to 2 mg/kg twice daily, respectively. 3

Pharmacokinetics

CBD reaches its maximum concentration in 2.5 to 5 hours. High-calorie and high-fat meals can increase the maximum concentration of drug fivefold and the AUC fourfold. 14 Owing to the first-pass effect, CBD is poorly absorbed, with a bioavailability of 13% to 19%. Better bioavailability has been reported with inhaled CBD (11% to 45%). CBD is 94% protein bound; therefore, interactions may occur with other highly protein bound drugs or in patients who have abnormal albumin levels. The volume of distribution is 20,963 L to 42,849 L, meaning that the drug is largely distributed into the tissues. CBD is metabolized by the gut and primarily by the liver. Epidiolex has an active metabolite, 7-OH-CBD, and is a 2C19 and 3A4 substrate and inhibitor of 2C19, 1A2, UGT1A9, and UGT2B7. Its elimination half-life is 56 to 61 hours. CBD is excreted primarily in the feces and urine. 3

The Future of CBD

Sativex (nabiximols) is an oromucosal spray that contains CBD and THC in a 1:1 ratio. The active ingredients are absorbed sublingually or buccally. Sativex is currently under investigation in the U.S.; however, more than 25 countries worldwide have approved Sativex for the treatment of spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis. Sativex is also being researched for potential treatment of schizophrenia and other conditions. 16

The Pharmacist’s Role

Some pharmacists are hesitant to get involved with CBD. Prosecution by federal law could lead to severe consequences, including fines, imprisonment, or loss of DEA registration for pharmacies, ultimately stripping them of their ability to dispense controlled substances. If U.S. laws and regulations were more uniform across states, many of the concerns surrounding CBD would be eliminated. Until then, patients must use caution when selecting a product from an unregulated source because of the possibility of contamination and product misbranding. 17 Although more testing is needed, it is imperative for pharmacists to understand what to recommend to patients. Pharmacists should counsel patients on the risks and benefits of treatment. Patients who are are using CBD should be reminded to obtain the product from a reputable manufacturer. 17

Conclusion

Pharmacists need to keep abreast of current information on CBD in order to assist patients who are interested in using it. While most studies are inconclusive, there currently is enough information to effectively guide patients in choosing a treatment. CBD has the most evidence for treatment-resistant seizures; other indications need further study. Patients must be counseled to choose an appropriate product from a reputable source. CBD may be misbranded or contaminated with harmful chemicals. Pharmacists are uniquely positioned to assess the numerous potential drug interactions with CBD. New prescription CBD products are currently being investigated in the U.S.

A Beginners Guide To Shopping For CBD Oils, Tinctures, Serums And Candies

CBD or cannabidoils have become a hero ingredient for wellness products that help with pain, stress, . [+] anxiety and even skin breakouts.

The CBD culture, at least in the eyes of someone who knows zero, can be overwhelming. There’s the Full Spectrum variant. Then there’s broad spectrum and isolate. Some labels say they are cannabis derived, while others say they are hemp based. Then you come across its various forms—creams, tinctures, drinks and oils. They even have gummies, capsules and patches.

When I first started to look into CBD as a wellness product, I remember feeling lost in a sea of jargon. “Contains 0.2% THC,” read one label. Another stated: “With enhanced CBN with Terpenes.” I had no idea what these words meant and how they might affect my life.

CBD, or cannabidoil, has become a buzzword in wellness circles. This plant derivative found in the cannabis sativa or hemp plant, has gained traction for its ability to ease anxiety and depression. CBD is also often used to ease inflammation, muscle soreness and pains. As a beauty product, CBD face oils have become the hero of minimalist skincare routines. They address a wide range of concerns from acne to aging.

A friend of mine who convinced me to give CBD a try declared: “CBD helps me with everything. I’ve been sleeping better and consuming less gin since taking it. Even my dog takes CBD.” More than literature, available information or hype, it was her testimonial that had me sold.

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FIRST THING’S FIRST: WILL IT GET ME HIGH?

The first question I asked before taking my first does was, “Will this get me high?” It’s not uncommon for first time users to confuse CBD with the marijuana they’ve come to know from naughty younger years. Although extracted from hemp or cannabis plants, CBD is isolated from psychoactive compounds (like THC) that effect the feeling of being “high. CBD, on its own or when derived from hemp, cannot not get you high. Instead, it helps alleviate anxiety, stress, pains and aches. This miracle ingredient also functions as an anti inflammatory.

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Cannabidoil is legal in some countries and states. In others, it remains prohibited or strictly regulated. When shopping for CBD online, check in first to see if this ingredient is allowed in your state or country of residence.

THE CBD FEELS—WHAT IT DOES, HOW IT FEELS, WHEN TO TAKE IT

When ingested as oils, gummies or infused drinks, CBD can benefit those who suffer from anxiety, depression or sleep problems. It also helps bring a sense of balance and focus especially on days that feel more like a roller coaster ride. When you need to feel a little more balanced or grounded, CBD does wonders in anchoring you throughout the day. It is also a soothing potion for winding down after a busy day.

COMMON GROUND’S WAKE/ 1000 MG CBD + CBG OIL

COMMON GROUND’S WAKE/ 1000 MG CBD + CBG OIL is a great way to start your day. It’s a lot like coffee served with doses of calm. Formulated so that you can use it any time of the day, WAKE is a “simple, clean and honest CBD + MCT Oil + Terpenes bland that give your body exactly what it needs.” As a beginner who is only starting to discover the transformative effects of this compound, I find one full dropper of WAKE in the morning helps to set the right mood. It helps keep me calm and focused especially when days you feel the chase of deadlines and follow up emails.

MATCHA UNION Full Spectrum 15% CBD Oil

If matcha is your beverage of choice, then MATCHA UNION’S new range of CBD FULL Spectrum Oils is your cup of tea. Formulated using hemp seed oil and cannabidoil sourced from organic farms in South of France, MATCHA UNION boasts “maximum anti inflammatory properties.” Cold pressing methods ensure that the brand’s formulas retain all the plant matter including chlorophyll and Terpenes, which are packed with health benefits. The brand’s blends are free from other carrier oils, making it uncompromisingly pure and potent. The brand’s founders explain: “We only use hemp oil and cannabidoil, which both come from the same plant, thus maximizing its benefits.” Match Union CBD is a great elixir to have on days when you feel particularly heavy or bloated. It is also a miracle worker for when you need to reconnect with your zen midday. On long days in front of the computer screen, a cup of ceremonial green matcha and CBD are instant mood boosters.

TRIP Elderflower and Mint CBD Drink

Sunset cocktails or happy hour has always been about a good bottle of wine or a refreshing G&T drink. It was only after trying TRIP’s CBD INFUSED DRINKS that I realized how much more delicious winding down can be. The UK-based wellness brand is all about harnessing calm and productivity—but with lots of flavor. By this, I mean both literally and figuratively. TRIP’s Best Selling Sparkling Drinks are delicious as they are beneficial for one’s overall wellness. They are formulated with L-Theanin to boost mood, chamomile to soothe as well as ginseng to help improve energy and focus. TRIP’s drinks can be enjoyed on its own or mixed with other spirits. Since opening my box of Trip Mixed Pack CBD Drinks, happy hour has become about sipping on a Gin and Trip to wind down. Trip Founder Olivia Ferdi shares: “What we’ve learnt is that CBD drinks have provided an alcohol alternative to many, as well as a functional option for a- home socializing, or reset through the working day. An after-work zoom drink is certainly made more relaxing with TRIP drinks! Our experience is that CBD is very much accepted by our target demographic of urban Gen Z and millenials. Especially as so many of them are looking for plant active, functional options instead of alcohol to help them unwind. The incredible thing about CBD is that it can support both mental and physical wellbeing – making it appealing across moments and different lifestyles.”

TRIP Orange Blossom CBD Oil

TRIP’s CBD Oils are also the most delicious and fragrant. It’s almost like having a calming candy. They come in two flavors—Orange Blossom and Wild Mint. There is also option to take the strong (1000MG) or original variant (300mg) which is recommended for first time users. Formulations from TRIP are blended with MCT Oil, natural adaptogens and chamomile to help establish a sense of balance. The team adds, “Our CBD is extracted from organically grown help, THC-free and third party lab tested to ensure the highest quality and purity.” I’ve had some of the deepest most restorative evenings with TRIP ORANGE BLOSSOM CBD OIL, waking up feeling fresh and recharged. It is definitely a bedside essential. Oliva shares insight for first time users of CBD: “I recommend checking for mg CBD per serving. When comparing products for strength (and price value) it can become a little overwhelming between brands and formats. Checking how much CBD is in a whole product can be helpful (rather than running comparisons of % concentration). Start with a lower daily dose, say 10-30 mg and see how you feel. Start to experiment with varied doses to obtain the desired effect (whether that’s a reset during work, or relaxing after work).”

SPERO CBD Whole Plant Extract Capsules and Tinctures

SPERO makes it easy and less intimidating for first time users to explore the world of CBD. Its product range is pretty straightforward. There are pure CBD capsules for easier consumption—no need for droppers or to measure dosage. Tinctures, of course, are also an option for a dose of tranquility and calm. All formulas from SPERO are eco-friendly, sustainably sourced and THC free. The company subscribes to a unique extraction process using CO2. The at SPERO explains: “Our products are crafted using Liquid Chromotography—a sophisticated purification process that cleanly separates CBD from THC with precision. Unlike distillation, it doesn’t leave behind residual compounds and solvents, only a potent and pure extract of broad-spectrum CBD oil, hempbased minor cannabidoids and terpenes.”

Their Pure CBD Tincture is a refreshing, zero-high, beginner-friendly blend. It is fast-acting and tastes a lot like your favorite candy. What makes this ideal for first time users is that each bottle comes with a pre-measured dropper (17mg per serving) for easy dosing. The company emphasizes, “We are committed to spreading a new standard of CBD wellness. each product is rigorously tested for potency, pesticides, microbials, heavy metals and solvents… so you get the good stuff and none of the bad.”

CBD FOR ACTIVE LIFESTYLES

Having come from a generation where pills were considered the cure-all , it took a lot of re-programming before I could consider safer options for managing pain and muscle aches. An active lifestyle entails the usually aches and tightness, which means finding remedies that are safe and effective. This is especially true following intense workouts, which often keeps us from performing at our optimum.

VAAY CBD Bath Bomb

A hot bath and massage restores the body and helps ease muscles after a tough workout. Ever wonder why high performance athletes take hot baths after a grueling match or game? Research has found that hot baths significantly improve blood pressure and arterial flow. Studies have also led to the conclusion that hot baths boost immunity, which is often compromised when we engage in heavy exercise. VAAY’s CBD BATH BOMB is a new self care essential that you can indulge in once to twice each week. This fragrant lavender and Shea butter bomb, infused with CBD, instantly melts away the stresses, aches and tension of a long week. I enjoy CBD baths on Friday nights, sometimes pairing it with a glass of wine and relaxing music. It sets the mood for a weekend of relaxation and recovery. The team behind the Berlin-based CBD brand suggests: “For maximum benefits, massage the nurturing center over yourself, using your body heat to activate the CBD and absorb into your skin.”

VAAY CBD Skin and Massage Oil

Following a soak, gently massage VAAY CBD Skin and Massage Oil in circular motions for the sweetest slumber. Evening oil massages have become especially important in the past months with most of our days spent hunched over laptops, mobile phones and adjusting to a work from home set up. This CBD Massage Oil, infused with 200mg of natural CBD, immediately soothes tired muscles. It signals the body that it is time for rest, lulling senses into a deep, undisturbed sleep. Skin is also visibly smoother and radiant the morning after. This is thanks to a potent blend of jojoba, almond oil and ginger essence.

If you seek an extra boost for aches and pains, VAAY’s Active and Sports Gel is a serious miracle worker. A powerful concoction of essential oils and full spectrum CBD first cools tight muscles and tissues. A few seconds after applying a thin layer, a subtle warmth will relax body, mind and soul. It works especially well after an intense run, spin class or core workout. I recently returned to Pilates and manage to survive a killer core workout with VAAY.

THE FEELIST Do Not Disturb Extra Strength Body Cream

On days when I feel heavy and bloated (read: PMS), THE FEELIST DO NOT DISTURB EXTRA STRENGTH BODY CREAM is a heaven sent. It used to be the before and during the monthly cycle, women are unable to move and function at their best. This rich blend of essential oils, natural extracts and 500mg broad spectrum CBD, helps with the discomfort and eases inflammation. DO NOT DISTURB is also a beautiful post-workout recovery elixir that relaxes, restores and brings body back to balance and overall wellbeing.

MADE BY ATHLETES FOR ATHLETES

A CBD brand made by professional athletes for high performance individuals also just recently entered my radar. In the world of sports, THC is a banned substance, which was a challenge for many athletes hoping to get relief from CBD. This inspired two professional athletes to create CBD blends that were safe, suitable and free from any THC. It also saw the birth of PURE SPORT.

The UK-based brand distinguishes itself through blends that are suitable for professional sports. Co Founder Grayson Hart explains: “CBD in the UK is still largely unregulated, so there are a lot of products out there that are hit and miss, weak or contaminated and far from medical grade. We’re in this to convince the world that there is a safe, natural solution to help people feel and live better.” Products from the company undergo rigid testing by two separate third-party companies to guarantee that products are absolutely THC free.

PURE SPORT Boost CBD OIl

Pure Sport’s BOOST is a powerful blend that combines 1500mg CBD, Lions Mane, Ginseng and Vitamin C to enhance energy, brain and immune function. It is also a good anti inflammatory and antioxidant. Adam Ashe, Co Founder of the company, adds, “CBD is best used longer term for treatment of pain. It can cause change in our perception of chronic pain by toning our nervous system over time. This can result in subtle changes in the way we feel pain.”

PURE SPORT CBD Clarity Oil

For pixel sharp focus, Pure Sport’s CLARITY is a brilliant blend that helps to reduce stress and brain fog. It infuses 1500mg CBD with goodness from Ashwangandha, Vitamin D and Gingko Biloba. The founders of the company advice, “We recommend this especially during winter months, as the oil will provide your body and mind with much-needed Vitamin D.”

AN UNAPOLOGETIC CBD BRAND FOR THE BEAUTY JUNKIE

The use of cannabidoil as the main ingredient for beauty products has been around for sometime now. Unlike other brands that rely heavily on advertising, CBD beauty brands are picking up traction on the sole basis that they actually deliver on the promise. Skin was barely recovering from a nasty breakout when a bottle of CBD face oil came to the rescue. Within days, redness and inflammation had disappeared. More than that, texture and tone of skin surface had also dramatically improved. I’ve since become a believer in CBD infused beauty products.

MURI LELU CBD Serum and Night Oils

While most beauty brands use extracts from seeds, MURI LELU harnesses the entire cannabis sativa plant—seeds, stalks and blooms. According to the founders of the brand, this is their skincare secret, “an underutilized anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-aging powerhouse.” Formulation are plant-based, hand crafted and blended with botanicals and terpene-rich oils. They advice: “When looking to try cannabis in your beauty routine for the first time, there are a few things to look for, but the first should be if the cannabis sativa (hemp) extract included in the product is either full spectrum or full flower. This indicates that the widest range of cannabinoids — aka the 80+ therapeutic compounds present in the plant — has been preserved. Full spectrum offers the most potent relief and benefit potential.”

BLOOMRISE SATIVA is a unique facial serum hand-crafted using full spectrum hemp oil. It is specifically formulated so that each drop holds the benefits of the entire sativa plant—phytocannabidoils, terpenes, chlorophyll, flavonoids and fatty acids. The infusion of botanicals and essential oils enhances skin radiance and improves texture. It is a daily dose of skin boost packed with anti inflammation, anti-aging and antioxidant benefits.

For a minimalist, efficient nightly skincare ritual, MAUVAISE HERBE INDICA OIL brings healing properties of the cannabis bloom to relax, restore and refresh skin. This high-performance facial oil calms, balances and restores skin while you sleep. It is a soothing elixir that nourishes so that you wake up to healthier, radiant and youthful skin. For optimum results, massage two to three drops onto the face in upward motions. You may also use your face roller or gua sha to allow for the oils to penetrate.

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