cbd high vs thc

Cbd high vs thc

The differing amounts of CBD and THC, as well as the concentration of each compound, explain the claimed variations in different strains of CBD and THC, Piomelli says.

CBD and THC, the two main chemicals found in the cannabis plant, both have potential health benefits. However, research on both is extremely limited, since hemp (containing CBD) was federally illegal until 2018, and marijuana (containing THC) remains federally illegal.

CBD can be taken as a tincture, gummy, or by other means, but is not generally smoked, which THC often is. Since CBD is a legal substance, its production and dosage are not regulated.

These receptors are part of the endocannabinoid system, which affects many areas of the brain and body. Since cannabinoid receptors are so common and THC activates those, the effects of THC are wide-ranging, Piomelli says. Common effects of THC that often draw people to recreational use include:

CBD vs THC

“THC is really not a very dangerous substance when you look at it pharmacologically,” Piomelli says. For example, it would take a massive dose of THC to cause an overdose, so realistically it’s extremely unlikely that a person would overdose on THC, he says.

CBD and THC are the two most common chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant. Although the plant contains more than 140 chemical compounds that are unique to cannabis, CBD and THC are most plentiful.

With CBD no effect has been demonstrated on the neurotransmitter dopamine, however, THC has been shown to impact dopamine levels, which may lend to its psychoactive effects. CBD has no psychoactive effects, Piomelli says.

The relationship between CBD and THC

While research about many health impacts of cannabis — both positive and negative — is inconclusive or lacking, there are some important points to remember:

The research on CBD is limited because for years researchers thought that it did not affect the body, according to Piomelli. However, there are potentially three scientifically recognized uses for CBD, he says. They are:

However, while these substances appear safe, that does not necessarily mean that you won't experience some unwanted effects. Some adverse effects that have been reported include:

THC, on the other hand, does have psychoactive effects. It is the compound that produces the high that people associate with marijuana.

THC and CBD may also have an effect on some health conditions and can interact with certain medications, so you should always use caution before taking these products. These substances might impact how medications are metabolized by your body. They can also heighten feelings of anxiety in some cases.

FDA-Approved Medications

THC and CBD have an effect on the endocannabinoid system, a system that plays an important role in maintaining homeostasis. Researchers are still working to understand the ins and outs of this complex system, but they do know that it is associated with processes including memory, appetite, sleep, mood, and fertility.

However, many CBD products do contain trace amounts of THC. While these amounts are small, they may still be detectable if you are consuming large quantities of CBD or if the products you are using contain more THC than the packaging label claims.

Psychoactive Properties

Before choosing a THC or CBD product, it is important to check your state laws to ensure that these products are legal where you live. Federal law mandates that hemp-derived CBD products should contain less than 0.3% THC, but even those trace amounts are still illegal in some states.

Some evidence suggests that the combined effects of CBD and THC may be dependent on dose. A 2019 study, for example, found that low doses of CBD actually played a role in amplifying the psychoactive effects of THC, while high doses of CBD reduced THC’s effects.  

Cbd high vs thc

Given their almost identical chemical makeup, CBD and THC produce some similar effects—and can even work together to compound their benefits.

“From a chemistry standpoint, THC and CBD are isomers, meaning they share the same chemical formula (C21H30O2) with different chemical structures,” say Nick Jackowetz and Soheil Hajirahimkhan, chief scientific officer and head of research and development at Cirona Labs, a cannabinoid product developer. “While the structure of CBD consists of two 6-membered rings, THC has an additional 6-membered ring that is formed via the attachment of a carbon and an oxygen atom (called an ether bond).”

You may also want to consult a medical professional about CBD use or learn more about the specific drug test you’ll be taking.

Sources

Administered jointly, they can work together to have even more potent medical benefits. For instance, Nabiximols (known by the brand name Sativex) is a 1:1 THC and CBD mix used to relieve symptoms of multiple sclerosis and cancer-related pain. Nabiximols has been approved for use in 27 countries, but not in the U.S.

By Donna Christiano Campisano Contributor

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Psychoactive Properties

CBD and THC can be consumed in the same ways, which include:

However, when CBD and THC are consumed together, CBD binds to the receptors and blocks THC from binding with them, thus mitigating some of the effects felt from the THC.