CBD is one of the many chemical compounds that is found in the cannabis plant—referred to as cannabis sativa. There are two primary parts of the plant that humans use. One is THC, or Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, and the other is CBD. Though they’re from the same plant, THC and CBD are quite different from each other.
Karen Cilli is a fact-checker for Verywell Mind. She has an extensive background in research, with 33 years of experience as a reference librarian and educator.
CBD benefits include the following:
In some cases, those who ingest CBD supplements might experience nausea, says Dr. Matharu-Daley. This depends on how sensitive the person is to CBD, as well as the amount they ingest.
Some people may get diarrhea or liver problems [when using CBD]. This is dependent on the individual and their medical history, so monitoring is important,” says Dr. Matharu-Daley.
Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital.
Because CBD supplements come in so many different forms—such as oils, gummies, tinctures, and vapors—the amount that’s actually absorbed can vary drastically. This, combined with each person, will ultimately affect which (if any) CBD side effects you might experience.
Farm Bill 2018 declassified hemp as a controlled substance. As a result, it is now legal to farm, process, sell, and market hemp products. The DEA defines hemp as a cannabis plant that contains no more than 0.3 percent of THC concentration – otherwise, it’s a “marijuana” cannabis plant.
The main difference between CBD Tinctures and CBD Concentrate is how much CBD is in each mL of liquid. nu-x® CBD Concentrate is available at 3,000mg of CBD per 30 mL bottle which is more CBD per mL than the nu-x® CBD Tincture, which is available with 1,000mg of CBD per 30mL bottle.
CBD tinctures containing more than 0.3 percent THC are classified as a Class I drug and, therefore, are federally illegal. However, most CBD tinctures are extracted from the hemp plant. So they have plenty of cannabidiol and low THC concentration. Regardless of THC concentration, the sale and consumption of all CBD tinctures is only legal in states that legalized recreational and medical marijuana.
You can consume your CBD concentrates in several ways. From smoking them along with a CBD flower, vaporizing using a vape pen or standalone vaporizer, smoking dabs using a dab rig, to even adding them into your food or drink.
Are CBD Concentrates and Tinctures Legal?
Thanks to relatively small doses, you can administer CBD tincture in many different ways. You can easily add it to drinks like coffee and tea. If you are looking to take your CBD with food, mix a tincture into a meal like soup or pasta.
Many first time consumers of CBD products are intimidated by all the new terms and don’t know where to start. This article will answer one of the most popular questions: what is the difference between a CBD tincture and a CBD concentrate?
Tinctures contain additional ingredients, such as flavorings. So we do not recommend applying them topically on the skin. Sometimes it can lead to irritation.
How to Use CBD Concentrates?
You can administer CBD in many ways: smoke a cannabis strain or consume it in edibles like candies, cookies, or brownies. Tinctures are one of the most common ways to consume CBD, especially for those trying cannabis-based products for the first time.
We should mention that depending on moisture, texture, and heat levels the oil is exposed to before purging the substance (when removing impurities), it is possible to produce different forms of CBD concentrate. As a result, CBD producers can label their products differently. However, they all are still CBD concentrates but with various names.
Mathre: “We have lawyers and politicians practicing medicine without a license – they don’t know what they are talking about. Clearly there may be some patients who need little to no THC, but the vast majority will benefit from it. Patients should have all of the options open to them and research needs to continue to help determine how to best individualize cannabis medicine.”
Jessica Peters: “Anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, anti-proliferative, analgesic, anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), neuroprotective, anti-psychotic, anti-emetic (anti-nausea) … I can technically answer what are the properties of CBD, but these properties might not pop out if THC is not present. A potential new research category that I’ve seen evidence of anecdotally are addiction-fighting properties … CBD seems to reroute those neural pathways.”
Mathre: “CBD has value, but its value can be enhanced with the whole plant and we can develop more individualized medicine (specific ratios depending upon the person and the need).”
Whole plant medicine has been widely debated as many states consider limited legalization of cannabinoids like CBD, and the idea that the entourage effect is integral to using cannabis as medicine is increasingly accepted. In fact, some products are being designed specifically to maximize the value of whole plant medicine for the consumer. Take Firefly’s vaporizer technology, which sets out to capture all the myriad benefits of the entourage effect through dynamic convection technology. “[Firefly 2 was] truly designed around the plant…in order to deliver all the cannabinoids and terpenes in the most efficient way,” says Rachel Dugas of Firefly. Yet given the complexities of these chemical interactions, it’s still hard to pin down how exactly this maximizes the benefits of cannabis.
Thoughts on those who exclude THC or other cannabis components from the realm of medicinal cannabis?
Peters: “Pretty significantly. CBD being cannabis-based is what’s most crucial for these properties to exist. The range of the volume of THC in relation to CBD will feature different properties. An equal amount of THC to CBD [for example] is often the best pain reliever. Many terpenes have relationships [and] the fact that those relationships exist is becoming clearer and clearer.”
Here’s what they had to say.
Eloise Theisen: “CBD and THC seem to work better together. They lessen each other’s side effects.”
What effects does CBD have on its own?
Mathre: “Safer and more effective, and tolerance will develop more slowly (if at all).”
Finley: “In almost all cases…I would say whole-plant therapeutics are 100% more effective than CBD-only.”