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The zero draft document provides background information, an introduction to the zero draft and a draft recommendation for consideration by the second meeting of WG2020. Two annexes comprise the zero draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework and includes elements of a draft recommendation to the COP at its fifteenth meeting. The document is also complemented by two addendums, containing appendices to the draft post-2020 framework and a glossary of terms.

The proposed framework applies a “theory of change” approach, a strategic planning framework used to help plan, implement and evaluate the impacts of the actions taken. This is a powerful tool for organizing measurable goals and solutions, and for evaluating both short- and long-term impacts in a consistent, meaningful and transparent structure. This will allow diverse stakeholders to articulate challenges, work together towards common goals, use the same language when sharing information on the status of implementation, and ensure that collective actions are aligned towards achieving the greatest possible impact.

At its first meeting, held in Nairobi in August 2019, the Open-ended Working Group (WG2020) requested the Co-Chairs and the Executive Secretary prepare a zero draft text of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework for consideration at its second meeting planned for 24-29 February 2020 in Kunming, China.

The zero draft also takes into account elements of guidance on goals, SMART targets, indicators, baselines, and monitoring frameworks, relating to the drivers of biodiversity loss, for achieving transformational change, within the scope of the CBD’s three objectives, discussed during the twenty-third meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice as well as the outcomes of the eleventh meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Inter-sessional Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions. It also includes a preliminary list of indicators that may be used to assess progress towards the goals and targets. Furthermore, the proposed framework considers the various consultation processes that have taken place, including views expressed during the informal briefing by the Co-Chairs on 24 November 2019.

1 drop contain approximately 5 mg of CBD


Cannabis Sativa Flower Extract, Coconut (MCT) oil.


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